The Goyder survey expedition 1869–1870
was led by George Goyder; Surveyor-General from the South Australia Department of Lands and Survey, and is a truly significant chapter in the story of the Northern Territory.
He was sent to the Northern Territory in 1869 to complete a land survey and select a site for the capital.
One hundred and fifty men were selected for the expedition and within six months they had surveyed 269,683 hectares, identified further land for growing tropical products and recommended Palmerston as the site for the capital.
The following transcription of Goyder's diary and indexes were compiled by local historian, Kathy de la Rue.