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metadata.territoryanzacs.dc.title: John Artaud
Also known as: Artaud, John Leo
Rank: Private
Service Number: 748
Place of Birth: Penola (S.A.)
Next of Kin: Ellen Artaud – Sister ; Penola, S.A.
Biographical notes: John Artaud was born on 10 June 1872, the fifth and last child of Thomas Henry Artaud and his wife Ellen (nee Sweeney). His siblings were: Ellen Maria (2 July 1863), Julian William Ashton (23 January 1865), a brother born on the 24 July 1866 and Donald Simon who was born on the 14 April 1868 but died only two days later. Despite describing his civilian occupation as "labourer" when enlisting, Artaud had a varied career in both South Australia and the Northern Territory prior to service. He trained for the South Australian Police Force gaining his first appointment at Mount Gambier upon graduation. Artaud sought a transfer from the South Australian Police to the Northern Territory Police Force which took effect on 1 February 1904. He arrived in Darwin on 23 February where he was sworn in as a Mounted Constable. Police were required to perform a number of tasks and in addition to policing he was, for example, appointed as a temporary inspector of stock for a number of years. In the course of his work travelled to Pine Creek, Daly River and the Victoria River regions. The Northern Territory Times singled out Artaud for his "prompt and cool manner" when pursuing a murder inquiry at the Daly River although this version of events was disputed in a letter to the newspaper where the author claimed the credit for apprehending the suspect belonged to the locals. Artaud was stationed at Brock’s Creek as a Police Officer when notification of his appointment as a Customs Officer in the Northern Territory was listed in the Commonwealth Gazette of 29 May 1909. In 1910, while Artaud was out on the Daly, his Aboriginal tracker, using Artaud’s Browning automatic, shot longtime Daly River resident George Warr. While the paper concluded it had been a freak accident, the injury was perhaps justice of a sort. Warr had been involved in a number of brutal assaults previously. Warr recovered but Artaud’s tracker was not seen again. Artaud suffered from eczema. The medical facilities available to him could not successfully treat this condition which had been made worse by the Northern Territory Top End climate. He applied for a transfer, leaving Darwin for Adelaide on 23 August 1910. He resigned from the South Australian Police Force on 1 January 1911. In the Territory Artaud “was very well liked”. John Artaud enlisted for the Great War from South Australia and returned to South Australia after the war. He is buried in a dedicated AIF cemetery in Adelaide.
Occupation: Labourer
Date of Enlistment: 6-Oct-1915
Age at Enlistment: 43
Place of Enlistment: Adelaide (S.A.)
Unit: Australian Remount Unit 1, Squadron 3
Service: Australian Imperial Force
Date of Death: 1953-06-23
Place of Death: South Australia
Place of Burial: West Terrace AIF Cemetery (S.A.)
Service History: John Artaud’s Service Record file was marked “vision defective” and he was 43, yet he was still recruited – possibly due to his years in the Territory as a Mounted Constable. The remount units provided replacement horses to the Light Horse Regiments in the field and looked after wounded and sick horses; they also broke in and trained remounts. On 12 November 1915 the Unit embarked from Melbourne for Egypt on board Transport A67 'Orsova'. Artaud’s service was mainly in Palestine and Egypt. He was admitted to hospital suffering from influenza from 23 November where he remained until 19 December 1918. Artaud departed Port Said, Egypt on HMAT 'Burma' on 26 March 1919 arriving in Australia on the 26 July 1919. He was discharged 20 October 1919. John Artaud was residing in Loxton in South Australia on the 16 December 1920 when he signed for war medals and in Renmark on 22 December 1924 when he received his final medal. His death is noted on his file as 20 July 1953.
Related link: Service record
Nominal Roll
NT Police Museum and Historical Society
"The Australian remount unit in Egypt, 1915-19: a footnote to history" by David A. Kent, in Journal of the Australian War Memorial, no.1, Oct 1982: p.9-15.
"Commonwealth Gazette", The Advertiser, 2 June 1909: p.6.
Embarkation Roll - Transport A67 ‘Orsova’.
"Police", Border Watch,16 March 1901: p.2.
"News & Notes", Northern Territory Times and Gazette, 19 June 1908: p.3.
"Northern Territory Times", Northern Territory Times and Gazette, 28 May 1909: p.2.
"Northern Territory Times", Northern Territory Times and Gazette, 18 June 1909: p.2.
"News & Notes", Northern Territory Times and Gazette, 2 September 1910: p.3.
"Northern Territory Times", Northern Territory Times and Gazette, 8 April 1910: p.2.
metadata.territoryanzacs.dc.subject.*: ANZAC
Australia. Army. Australian and New Zealand Army Corps -- History
World War, 1914-1918 -- Northern Territory
Appears in Collections:Returned ANZACs

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