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metadata.territorywomen.dc.title: Ellen Murphy
Name: Murphy, Ellen
Also known as: Gilroy, Ellen
Date of Death: 1948-08-10
Place of Birth: Leitrim (Ireland)
Date of Birth: 1868-10-31
Place of Burial: Perth (W.A.)
Cultural heritage: Irish
Occupation: Pioneer
Biographical notes: Ellen was born to Margaret Burns and Patrick Gilroy in Ireland. Ellen and Patrick were listed as passengers on the Glamis, which left Plymouth on 22 March 1883 and arrived in Adelaide on 11 June. Ellen was listed as a domestic and Patrick a labourer. On 17 January 1890 it was reported in the newspaper that "Mr. B. Murphy, of the Katherine, is now on his way overland to Adelaide for a much needed rest." It was during this visit that Bernard met and married Ellen Gilroy. Bernard Murphy, accompanied by his new wife, arrived back in the Northern Territory on the steamer Chingtu on 4 September 1890. They settled in Katherine where Bernard had managed the Pioneer Cash Store and a hotel. The licence to the Sportsman Hotel was transferred to Bernard in November 1890 and he was still managing it in 1893 when his licence was renewed. His licence to slaughter at Katherine, Mount Gates and Maude Creek was also renewed in 1893. They moved to Pine Creek following some financial difficulties relating to Bernard's investments. In September 1893 Bernard was declared insolvent and had estate assigned to James Twinem in trust for the benefit of his creditors. In 1895, at the age of 27, Ellen became one of the 82 Territory women who enrolled to vote after the franchise was granted to South Australian and Territory women in 1894. Ellen enrolled at The Union and listed her profession as "married woman."
By late 1895 they had moved to Geraldton, Western Australia, where Bernard started a blacksmith and wheelwright business, followed by hotels at Day Dawn, Reidy's Find and Murchison. At Murchison he established an orchard and market garden. Bernard also owned a sheep station known as Innisfail. They retired to Perth after having successfully worked the sheep station for some years. They had three children: Mary May born on 28 May 1892 and Thomas Patrick on 20 Feb 1894, both born in Palmerston, and Eileen Mary whose birth was registered in Geraldton in 1897. Ellen was widowed on 29 August 1927 when Bernard died, aged 72, as a result of being knocked down while riding his bicycle. He was laid to rest at Karrakatta Cemetery. Ellen died on 10 August 1948 at Leederville.
Related link: 'Electoral Revision Court', Northern Territory Times and Gazette, 3 April 1896, p. 4.
'Obituary : Late Mr B. Murphy', The Daily News, 6 September 1927, p. 10.
'Immigrants Per Glamis', South Australian Register, 12 June 1883, p. 6.
'The North Australian and Northern Territory Government Gazette.', The North Australian and Northern Territory Government Gazette , 17 January 1890, p. 2.
'Family Notices : Death Ellen Murphy', The West Australian, 11 August 1948, p. 1.
Related Materials: James, Barbara. Occupation : Citizen. The Story of the Northern Territory Women and the Vote (1894 - 1896), Darwin : Barbara James, 1995. NTC 324.623 JAME
Ancestry.com. Ireland, Births and Baptisms, 1620-1911 [database on-line]. Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
Ireland Births and Baptisms, 1620–1911. Index. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family Search.
Index of people mentioned in the Northern Territory times, November 1873 to December 1914 NTC 929.39429 DEBN
Appears in Collections:Territory Women

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