Territory Stories

The value of investment in the early years



The value of investment in the early years

Other title

Balancing costs of childhood services


Menzies School of Health Research

Sponsored by

Northern Territory. Department of Education and Training


E-Publications; PublicationNT; E-Books; Early Childhood Series




This publication was produced on behalf of the Department of Education and Training by the Menzies School of Health Research.; Robinson G, Silburn, SR, Arney F, 2011. The value of investment in the early years: Balancing costs of childhood services. Topical paper commissioned for the public consultations on the Northern Territory Early Childhood Plan. Darwin: Northern Territory Government.; Made available via the Publications (Legal Deposit) Act 2004 (NT).




Child development; Early childhood educaton; Northern Territory

Publisher name

Northern Territory Government

Place of publication



Early Childhood Series


No. 4 2011




Attribution International 4.0 (CC BY 4.0)

Copyright owner

Northern Territory Government



Parent handle


Citation address


Page content

VALUE OF INVESTMENTS IN THE EARLY YEARS: BALANCING COSTS 19 5. Bibliography 1. Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University. Understanding the Head Start Impact Study. Cambridge MA: Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University, 2010. 2. Bennett J. Investment in Population Health in Five OECD Countries. OECD Health Working Papers. Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2003. 3. Silburn S, McKenzie J, Moss B. Northern Territory results for the Australian Early Development Index 2009. A Snapshot of Early Childhood Development in Australia. Darwin: Menzies School of Health Research and Northern Territory Department of Education and Training, 2010. 4. Moffitt TE, Arsenault L, Belsky D, Dickson N, Hancox RJ, Harrington H, et al. A gradient of childhood selfcontrol predicts health, wealth and public safety. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2011;108(7):2693-98. 5. Scott S, Knapp M, Henderson J, Maughan B. Financial cost of social exclusion: follow up study of antisocial children into adulthood. BMJ 2001;323(7306):191-94. 6. Jones DE, Foster EM. Service use patterns for adolescents with ADHD and comorbid conduct disorder. Journal of Behavioural Health Services & Research 2009;36(4). 7. Northern Territory Government. Growing Them Strong, Together: Promoting the safety and wellbeing of the Northern Territorys children, Summary Report of the Board of Inquiry into the Child Protection System in the Northern Territory 2010, M.Bamblett, H. Bath and R. Roseby. Darwin, NT: Northern Territory Government, 2010. 8. Homel R, Freiberg K, Lamb C, Leech M, Carr A, Hampshire A, et al. The Pathways to Prevention Project: The First Five Years, 1999-2004. Sydney: Mission Australia and the Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice & Governance, Griffith University, 2006. 9. Flay BR. Efficacy and effectiveness trials (and other phases of research) in the development of health promotion programs. Preventive Medicine 1986;15:451-74. 10. Groark CJ, Mehaffie KE, MCCall RB, Greenberg MT. Evidence-Based Practices and Programs for Early Childhood Care and Education Thousand Oaks, London. New Delhi: Sage, 2007. 11. Children Now. Learning & Development - The first five years determine a lifetime ,2009. http://dev.childrennow.org.s78640.gridserver.com/index.php/learn/early_learning_and_development. 12. Wise S, da Silva L, Webster E, Sanson A. The efficacy of early childhood interventions. AIFS Research Report No. 14. Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2005. 13. Lynch R. Exceptional Returns: Economic, fiscal, and social benefits of investment in early childhood development. Washington: Economic Policy Institute, 2004. 14. Barnett SJ, Hustedt JT. Headstarts lasting benefits. Infants & Young Children 2005;18(1):16-24. 15. Schweinhart, LJ, Montie J, Xiang Z, Barnett SW, Belfield CR & Nores M. Lifetime Effects: The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study Through Age 40. Ypsilanti. MI: High/Scope Press. 16. Administration for Children and Families. The AFCARS Report: Preliminary FY 2009 estimates as of July 2010 US Department of Health and Human Services,, 2009. 17. Audit Commission. Giving Children a Healthy Start: Health Report. A review of health improvements in children from birth to five years. London: Audit Commission, 2010. 18. Valentine K, Katz I, Griffiths D. Early childhood services: Models of integration and collaboration. Perth: Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth, 2007. 19. Karoly LA, Kilburn RM, Cannon JS. Early Childhood Interventions: Proven results, future promise. New York: RAND Corporation, 2005. 20. Reynolds AJ, Temple JA, Robertson DL, Mann EA. Age 21 Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Title I Chicago Child-Parent Centers. Discussion Papers. Madison: Instutute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2002:48. 21. Reynolds AJ. The Chicago Child-Parent Centers: A Longitudinal Study of Extended Early Childhood Intervention. Discussion Papers. Madison, Wisconsin: Institute for Research on Poverty, Unviersity of Wisconsin-Madison, 1997. 22. Shonkoff JP, Phillips DA, editors. From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development: National Academy of Sciences, 2000. 23. Howard KS, Brooks-Gunn J. The role of home-visiting programs in preventing child abuse and neglect. The Future of Children 2009;19(2):119-46. 24. Olds DL. Preventing child maltreatment and crime with prenatal and infancy support of parents: The nurse-family partnership Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention 2008;9(S1):2-24. 25. MacMillan HL, Thomas BH, Jamieson E, Walsh CA, Boyle MH, Shannon HS & Gafni A. Effectiveness of home visitation by public-health nurses in prevention of the recurrence of child physical abuse and neglect: A randomized controlled trial. Lancet , 2005; 365(9473):1786-1793. 26. Watson J, Tully L. Literature Review. Prevention and early intervention update: trends in recent research. Ashfield: Centre for Parenting & Research, NSW Department of Community Services, 2008. 27. Prinz R. Population-based prevention of child maltreatment, The U.S. Triple P System population trial Prevention Science 2009;10. 28. Waddell C, Hua J, Garland O, Peters R, McEwan K. Preventing mental disorders in children: A systematic review to inform policy-making. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2007;98(3):166-73.

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