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metadata.territorywomen.dc.title: Jessie Litchfield
Name: Litchfield, Jessie Sinclair
Also known as: Phillips, Jessie
Date of Death: 1956-03-12
Place of Birth: Sydney (N.S.W.)
Date of Birth: 1883-02-18
Place of Death: Melbourne (Vic.)
Place of Burial: Darwin
Occupation: Historian
Political lobbyist
Biographical notes: Jessie Phillips was born on 18 February 1883 at Ashfield, Sydney, second child of John Phillips, contractor, and his wife Jean Sinclair, née Reid. The family lived in various country towns until 1895 when they returned to Sydney. Jessie attended Neutral Bay Public School. On 21 January 1908 at Darwin Jessie married Valentine Augustus Litchfield, a miner she had met on a ship to Darwin. Jessie was the first woman to stand for local government office in 1927, 1928 and 1929 and she also stood as an independent for the House of Representatives seat of the Northern Territory at the 1951 Federal election. She was unsuccessful in her attempts to be elected. She was a prolific writer for the Northern Territory Times and the Northern Standard. In 1930 Jessie became the first female editor of the Northern Territory Times, at the same time, publishing a book 'Far North Memories'. In 1954 Jessie helped establish the North Australian Monthly. She was also appointed the first female NT Justice of the Peace. Jessie Litchfield is regarded as the 'grand old lady of the Territory', matriarch of the Litchfield family in the Northern Territory. Litchfield National Park, established in 1946 is named after her family.
Honours and Awards: Coronation medal 1953
Related link: Australian Dictionary of Biography : Litchfield, Jessie Sinclair (1883 - 1956)
Related Materials: Northern Territory dictionary of biography / editor, David Carment. Darwin : Charles Darwin University Press, 2008. NTC 920.9429 NORT.
James, Barbara. No man's land: Women of the Northern Territory. Sydney : Collins, 1989. NTC 994.29 JAME
Jessie Litchfield: Grand old lady of the Territory. Blackwater, Qld. J. Dickinson, c1982. NTC B919.4295 (LIT) DIC
Litchfield, Jessie. Far north memories: being the account of ten years spent on the diamond-drills and of things that happened in those days Sydney, Angus & Robertson, 1930. NTC SP COLL 919.4295 LIT
Appears in Collections:Territory Women

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