Territory Stories

Climate Change: Impacts and Solutions



Climate Change: Impacts and Solutions

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NT Youth Round Table


Northern Territory. Department of the Chief Minister. Office of Youth Affairs


NT Youth Round Table newsletter; E-Journals; PublicationNT; NT Youth Round Table newsletter






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Chief Minister's Round Table of Young Territorians; Youth Services; Youth; Periodicals

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Northern Territory Government

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NT Youth Round Table newsletter


Newsletter January 2014

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Attribution International 4.0 (CC BY 4.0)

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Northern Territory Government



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15 Conclusion There are multiple mitigation pathways that are likely to limit warming to below 2C relative to pre-industrial levels. These pathways would require substantial emissions reductions over the next few decades and near zero emissions of CO2 and other long-lived GHGs by the end of the century. Implementing such reductions poses substantial technological, economic, social, and institutional challenges, which increase with delays in additional mitigation and if key technologies are not available. Limiting warming to lower or higher levels involves similar challenges, but on different timescales. (IPCC, Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report: Summary for policy makers, 2014, p. 15). Climate change is a fairly abstract and complex issue. The effects of climate change are just statistics to the everyday person. The effects will be more bush fires, more floods, more crop failures, more cyclones, greater spread of diseases, however at this stage not enough for most people to take much notice. It is easy to think that we will just be able to deal with the consequences, and it will not directly affect us. One of the possible reasons that people have trouble understanding climate change is that very little of the danger is definite. It is all about predictions and probability. No individual cyclone can be directly linked to climate change, but an overall increase in the amount of cyclones can be. There is a small chance that climate change will not have effects worth worrying about, and on the other end of the spectrum, a small chance that climate change will do huge amounts damage to our society. Depending on how bad climate change becomes, the health of many of the Indigenous communities around Alice Springs and elsewhere in the NT will be particularly affected by flooding, cyclones, bushfires, and the spread of disease due to changes in temperature and humidity. Towns and cities such as Alice Springs will be affected in the same way, but will be far better equipped to adapt to these changes. While we may be able to cope with these effects, though, it would definitely be better to avoid them. The one thing that is alarming about climate change is the chance of positive feedback loops making climate change irreversible. There are many of these effects which will create more warming, the warmer it gets. Effects like this will amplify the impact of climate change, and could make it self-perpetuating. This would lead to extreme temperature increases, the effects of which are difficult to predict, but catastrophic. It is unknown when or if this will happen, but it is a risk that should be taken into account. The main solution that discussed in this report for climate change is to switch all our energy generation to renewable energy sources. This has its own complications, but all the problems have been studied and there are many practical solutions over time. It would, of course, be fairly expensive to convert to renewables in the short term, but overall, in economic terms, it would pay itself off many times over in the avoidance of the economic damage that climate change has the potential to do, and also in the savings gained by not having to mine or buy fossil fuels. Consequently, there are many things that need to be talked about regarding climate change such as what policies work best and how much warming we can deal with. However, what has already been talked

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