Territory Stories

Climate Change: Impacts and Solutions



Climate Change: Impacts and Solutions

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NT Youth Round Table


Northern Territory. Department of the Chief Minister. Office of Youth Affairs


NT Youth Round Table newsletter; E-Journals; PublicationNT; NT Youth Round Table newsletter






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Chief Minister's Round Table of Young Territorians; Youth Services; Youth; Periodicals

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Northern Territory Government

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NT Youth Round Table newsletter


Newsletter January 2014

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Attribution International 4.0 (CC BY 4.0)

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Northern Tepritory Government



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5 Introduction This project sets out to create a research report on climate change, and its impacts and solutions in Australia and the NT. Throughout the course of this project, young Territorians were surveyed, asking their opinions on climate change and renewable energy. The results of the survey and research undertaken will be presented in this report. Evidence suggests that climate change is an important issue for people around the world, including Australia and the NT. It is particularly important for younger generations, as they will be the ones to experience the major consequences of a changing climate later in their lives. Through surveys conducted it was identified that most young people appear though to not think of climate change as their problem, and rather think of it as the responsibility of governments to address. I agree that this should be the case. Another group who will be particularly affected by climate change are people living in remote Indigenous communities, who will have less of an ability to adapt due to their socio-economic context (Green, 2006). This report is also based on peer-reviewed science that is published by trusted sources such as CSIRO or university publications, and/or government websites. By doing this project the intention was to create a scientifically accurate report that gives realistic advice about what should be done about climate change. On the other hand, there are some topics in which the science is more confused and sometimes contradictory, such as on the viability of nuclear energy, or the most efficient economic policy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Climate change is a difficult problem to solve, as it is a long term problem. It will not be for several decades before its effects will begin to affect society, and it will be in the next few centuries that the worst consequences of our current actions will be felt. On these timescales it is easy to dismiss it as not our problem to solve. We are now at a pivotal point, where we have the chance to reduce the damage that could otherwise be catastrophic. Climate change overview The term climate change in this report is specifically referring to the enhanced greenhouse effect and the ways in which it will affect the climate. The atmosphere is composed of mostly nitrogen and oxygen, with small amounts of other gasses. It is 0.04% carbon dioxide. Without this small amount of carbon dioxide, the earth would be around 33 degrees colder than it currently is, and unsuitable for most forms of life. This is caused by the trapping if infra-red radiation within the earths atmosphere. We are well on the way to doubling the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. This will greatly affect the overall climate of the world, which will have many effects on our society, as outlined below (Qiancheng, 1998). Feedback Loops The enhanced greenhouse effect heats up the earth, which has many flow on effects. Some of these effects cause more emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. This creates a positive feedback loop. Therefore any warming of the planet will cause more warming, which will cause more warming,