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Climate Change: Impacts and Solutions



Climate Change: Impacts and Solutions

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NT Youth Round Table


Northern Territory. Department of the Chief Minister. Office of Youth Affairs


NT Youth Round Table newsletter; E-Journals; PublicationNT; NT Youth Round Table newsletter






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Chief Minister's Round Table of Young Territorians; Youth Services; Youth; Periodicals

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Northern Territory Government

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NT Youth Round Table newsletter


Newsletter January 2014

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Attribution International 4.0 (CC BY 4.0)

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Northern Territory Government



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10 If nuclear energy were to become widespread, the small risks associated with it would become larger. The problem of storing radioactive waste would become expensive and dangerous. Radiation leaks, meltdowns and the proliferation of nuclear weapons could become more likely, creating dangers to society (Diesendorf, 2014, p. 138). Therefore, if nuclear energy is to be used, I suggest it be used only in moderation, as a small part of our energy generation system. If most of the aforementioned barriers are overcome, nuclear energy may play a part in reducing the carbon emissions of the NT, but should not become our primary energy supply. Energy efficiency Efficiency enhancements and behavioural changes, in order to reduce energy demand compared to baseline scenarios without compromising development, are a key mitigation strategy in scenarios reaching atmospheric CO2eq concentrations of about 450 or 500 ppm by 2100 (robust evidence, high agreement). (IPCC, Summary for Policymakers, In: Climate Change 2014, Mitigation of Climate Change., 2014) Energy efficiency has been shown to be the most cost effective way of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, as investments will almost always pay for themselves within a fairly short timeframe. This is therefore the most economically efficient way of reducing emissions through government policy. For example, a group of states in America have created the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, which is a group of policies which have successfully reduced the pollution produced by these states while maintaining a healthy and growing economy. (RGGI, Inc, 2012, p. 4) Energy efficiency measures are being taken by many Australians to save money and reduce pollution. While these measures should be encouraged by the government, it should only be a small part of an overall strategy to reduce emissions, as increasing efficiency on a small scale can only have a limited contribution to emissions reduction. Renewable Energy Renewable energy (RE) is any form of energy generation that uses a source of energy that will not run out in the foreseeable future. Since [2007], many RE technologies have demonstrated substantial performance improvements and cost reductions, and a growing number of RE technologies have achieved a level of maturity to enable deployment at significant scale (robust evidence, high agreement) Regarding electricity generation alone, RE accounted for just over half of the new electricity-generating capacity added globally in 2012, led by growth in wind, hydro and solar power. However, many RE technologies still need direct and/or indirect support, if their market shares are to be significantly increased; RE technology policies have been successful in driving recent growth of RE. Challenges for integrating RE into energy systems and the associated costs vary by RE technology, regional circumstances, and the characteristics of the existing background energy system (medium evidence, medium agreement). (IPCC, Summary for Policymakers, In: Climate Change 2014, Mitigation of Climate Change., 2014, p. 21)