Territory Stories

Evaluation of the National Trachoma Health Promotion Programme



Evaluation of the National Trachoma Health Promotion Programme

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Report for Indigenous Eye Health, University of Melbourne; Ninti One Research Report NR002


Ninti One Limited


E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT; Report NR002




Ninti One was invited by Indigenous Eye Health (IEH) to conduct an evaluation of the Trachoma Health Promotion Programme (THPP). The project evaluated the work of IEH at the University of Melbourne and its contribution to the goals of the National THPP in six remote Aboriginal communities in Central Australia (namely the tristate border region of South Australia, the Northern Territory and Western Australia). The intent of the project was to identify community knowledge and perceptions of the THPP and what impact this knowledge had on the respondents and their actions. The outputs will be used by IEH and others working in this field to continue the work of eliminating trachoma and to improve and develop future activities and initiatives. The research was conducted over six locations – Ali Curung, Finke, Lajamanu, Ntaria, Pukatja (Ernabella) and Warburton – ensuring that a sufficiently large and representative sample of people was reached in each community and overall across the population. - Executive summary; Made available via the Publications (Legal Deposit) Act 2004 (NT).

Table of contents

Executive summary -- Introduction -- Monitoring and evaluation strategy -- Research process -- Dara from survey questions -- Data analysis -- Conclusion -- Appendix A-B




Prevention and control; Trachoma; Health and hygiene; Ophthalmology; Eye diseases; Aboriginal Australians

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Ninti One Limited

Place of publication

Alice Springs


Report NR002


iv, 38 pages : colour illustrations ; 30 cm.

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Ninti One Research Report NR002 Ninti One Limited Evaluation of the National Trachoma Health Promotion Programme 37 Report for Indigenous Eye Health University of Melbourne Following an introduction of Milpas message by the research team, the women expressed a need for Milpa to have more of a presence around community (e.g. at childcare) Song, dance and puppets are effective for communicating with children The women were interested in collaborating with Milpa on a song with actions for the children. Early Learning Centre The participants were the members of the Stronger Communities for Children Board. Key insights include: The group described Milpa to be a gecko or lizard and also as the Warlpiri word for eyes The group were aware that Milpa was the trachoma ambassador Football players were commonly cited for their role in the campaign There is community awareness associated with the campaign; however, it is considered as a message for children due to the way it is marketed Targeting adults in the campaign would be beneficial Barriers to cleaning faces included lack of supplies (soap), housing maintenance, isolation, poor quality bathrooms, and sinks in houses being too high for children. Warburton Participants were two males and ten females. Key insights include: Milpa is well known throughout the community due to a video the children were involved in (that is also being used at other communities) and the mural on the local store The message of Milpa was understood as keeping faces and eyes clean and the need to wash the eyes thoroughly everyday The group indicated no reasons for not keeping faces clean The group said that it is good when Milpa comes into community. The group had no suggestions for improving the campaign because it was working well already. Pukatja It was hard to get people together to take part in a focus group due to a cultural ceremony that was still ongoing in community at the time. The Ninti One team managed to talk to individuals and small groups of pairs and up to one group of four women, two young ladies and two elderly ladies. When a picture of Milpa was shown to people, there was an initial reaction that Milpa was familiar and they may have seen him somewhere before. However, the message that Milpa is relaying was not known among the majority of people. Overall, very few people knew about Milpa. People tended to know more about trachoma from personal experiences within their family rather than the campaign. Trachoma awareness also comes from other positions in the community, including childcare workers and clinic staff. The goanna is part of the dreaming for some people in the area, which gives it a different meaning.