Territory Stories

Development of a Groundwater Flow Model - Berry Springs

Details:

Title

Development of a Groundwater Flow Model - Berry Springs

Creator

Knapton, Anthony

Collection

E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT; 17/2016

Date

2016

Location

Berry Springs

Description

Made available via the Publications (Legal Deposit) Act 2004 (NT).

Table of contents

Table of Contents -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- Acknowledgements -- Glossary of Terms -- Executive Summary -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Background -- 1.1 Aim of the study -- 2 Site Description -- 2.1 Study area location -- 2.2 Climate -- 2.2.1 Rainfall data -- 2.2.2 Evaporation data -- 2.3 Hydrology -- 2.4 Land use -- 2.5 Groundwater extraction -- 2.6 Water quality -- 3 Hydrogeology -- 3.1 Geological formations -- 3.1.1 Mount Bonnie Formation (Pso) -- 3.1.2 Unnamed Dolostone Unit (Psd): Berry Springs Dolostone -- 3.1.3 Burrell Creek Formation (Pfb) -- 3.1.4 Depot Creek Formation (Ptd) -- 3.1.5 Petrel Formation (JKp) -- 3.1.6 Darwin Member (Kld) -- 3.2 Geological structure -- 3.3 Aquifer characteristics -- 3.3.1 Hydraulic conductivity -- 3.3.2 Storage coefficient -- 4 Groundwater hydrology -- 4.1 Groundwater flow -- 4.2 Recharge -- 4.2.1 Water balance method -- 4.2.2 Water table fluctuation method -- 4.2.3 Spring discharge -- 4.2.4 Evapotranspiration -- 4.3 Rainfall-runoff modelling -- 4.4 Predicted natural conditions compared to recent observed flows -- 4.5 Groundwater chemistry -- 5 Available data -- 5.1 Climate data -- 5.2 SRTM digital terrain model -- 5.3 Geological data -- 5.4 Groundwater level data -- 5.4.1 Steady state groundwater levels -- Berry Springs Groundwater Flow Model -- 5.4.2 Time series groundwater levels -- 5.5 River discharge data -- 5.5.1 Manual gauging data -- 5.5.2 Continuous recorder data -- 5.6 Pumping data -- 5.7 Data gaps -- 6 Groundwater flow model development -- 6.1 What is a groundwater flow model? -- 6.2 Conceptual model -- 6.3 Modelling approach -- 6.4 Model package -- 6.5 Model mesh geometry -- 6.5.1 Mesh design -- 6.5.2 Mesh generation -- 6.6 Material properties -- 6.7 Fracture flow -- 6.8 Boundary conditions -- 6.8.1 Recharge and Areal ET Flux -- 6.8.2 Constant head BC values -- 6.9 Pumping data -- 6.10 FEFLOW settings -- 6.10.1 Problem class -- 6.10.2 Temporal and control data -- 7 Calibration -- 7.1 Steady state finite element model -- 7.1.1 Steady state model results -- 7.2 Transient finite element model -- 8 Scenarios -- 8.1 Water balance assessment -- 8.2 Scenario A – Historic climate without pumping -- 8.2.1 Water balance under historic climate -- 8.3 Scenario B – Historic climate with current pumping estimates -- 8.3.1 Pumping estimate methodology -- 8.3.2 Water balance under historic climate and current pumping -- 8.3.3 Impacts of pumping on groundwater discharge at Berry Springs -- 8.3.4 Flow duration -- 9 Results and discussion -- 9.1 Measurable impacts -- 9.1.1 Reduced dry season flows -- 9.1.2 Recession slope of dry season flows -- 9.1.3 Groundwater levels -- 9.2 Rainfall, recharge & minimum flows analysis -- 9.3 Impacts of pumping based on zones -- 10 Conclusions -- 10.1 Key performance indicators -- 11 References -- Appendix A - Groundwater level hydrographs -- Appendix B - Calibrated transient model results

Language

English

Subject

Berry Springs Dolostone; Berry Springs aquifer System; Groundwater Flow Model

Publisher name

Department of Land Resource Management

Place of publication

Darwin

Series

17/2016

Format

72 pages : colour illustration and maps ; 30 cm.

File type

application/pdf.

ISBN

9781743501092

Copyright owner

Check within Publication or with content Publisher.

Parent handle

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/272355

Citation address

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/428025

Page content

Berry Springs Groundwater Flow Model Page 15 of 72 2.3 Hydrology The Berry River and Darwin Rivers can be described as perennial streams showing low inter-annual variability and have historically shown no more than occasional zero flow days. 2.4 Land use Land use has been mapped under the Land Use Mapping Project (LUMP) based on the Australian Land Use Management classification scheme (Berghout et al., 2008) at 1:25000 using classification of satellite imagery and recent field verification from 2016 imagery. Table 1 summarises the land use description of properties and the total area classified within each landuse category. Table 1 Areas of classified land uses in the Berry Springs area Land Use Description Properties Area (Ha) % of Total Area Conservation and Natural Environments 360 5644 65 Intensive Uses (Rural Residential) 226 1050 12.1 Production from Dryland Agriculture and Plantations 96 972 11.2 Production from Irrigated Agriculture and Plantations 80 955 11 Production from Relatively Natural Environments 2 26 0.3 Total 803 8595 100 Land use mapping has been used to estimate the area of irrigated land in the Berry Springs area. Figure 4 shows the landuse classification for properties in Berry Springs according to the LUMP database. For the purposes of this study, an annual crop water usage per hectare was assumed for properties classified as Class 4: Irrigated Agriculture to estimate the associated annual groundwater usage for irrigation (refer to section 5.6).


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