Territory Stories

An archaeological survey of the Litchfield Road Reserve, chainage 14 - 44 km.



An archaeological survey of the Litchfield Road Reserve, chainage 14 - 44 km.


Woolfe, Richard; Guse, Daryl; Campbell Project Management Services; Earth Sea Heritage Surveys

Commissioned by

Northern Territory. Department of Planning and Infrastructure


E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT; TR 17/05




The aim of this survey was to locate and record any prescribed archaeological objects or places as defined under the Northern Territory of Australia Heritage Conservation Act 1991; to assess the nature, distribution and significance of archaeologic materials; identify historic places resulting from early non-indigenous settlement, mining and pastoral activities; provide advice and recommendations regarding mitigative procedures and short and long term management strategies for any materials located during the survey. Ensure to the greatest extend possible that sites protected within the terms of the Heritage Conservation Act are not damaged or destroyed by the proposed works. - Introduction


Earth Sea Heritage Surveys was engaged by the Construction Division of IPE through Peter Campbell Project Managers; Prepared for: Campbell Project Management Services and Construction Division, Department of Planning and Infrastructure.; Made available via the Publications (Legal Deposit) Act 2004 (NT).

Table of contents

Executive summary -- Results summary -- Introduction -- Environmental and cultural setting -- Background archaeological information -- Methodology -- Archaeological results -- Heritage significance assessment -- Recommendations -- References -- List of attachments




Archaeological surveying; Roadworks

Publisher name

Earth Sea Heritage Surveys

Place of publication



TR 17/05


68, [7] pages : colour illustrations, colour mapS : 30 cm

File type



Attribution International 4.0 (CC BY 4.0)

Copyright owner

Northern Territory Government



Parent handle


Citation address


Page content

Archaeological Survey Page 50 17/11/2005 Litchfield Rd, 14-44 km. 6.0. Heritage Significance Assessment Archaeological and historic sites can be significant in a number of ways: 1. Significant to a group or many groups of people due to their connection to the past; 2. Sites that are significant to a specific group of people because they have religious or spiritual significance to those people (sacred sites for example); 3. Sites that are significant because of their research potential: the importance of the site in answering questions about past human behaviours; 4. Sites that are significant due to their representative uniqueness: sites or places that are rare or unique and are therefore conserved as a representative sample; and, 5. Sites that are significant due to their aesthetic or architectural values. It follows from this that the significance of sites is assessed in various ways: 1. The significance of Aboriginal sacred sites and sites otherwise important to particular groups of Aboriginal people are decided by Aboriginal people, mostly through the mechanism of the Aboriginal Areas Protection Authority consultation process. 2. The significance of historic sites is decided by the wider community through the mechanism of the Heritage Advisory Council who set up significance criteria covering historic sites and environmental important sites; 3. Sites that may be of scientific significance are assessed by the above process, usually after recommendations by practitioners in that field. In assessing the significance of archaeological sites, the practitioner will evaluate one or more of the following factors (after Guse 1998:46-47). 1. Is the site likely to have sub-surface artefactual material? 2. Is there diversity in the artefact assemblage? 3. Are the sites unique? 4. Has the site been substantially disturbed? 5. Has the region been subject to a number of quality archaeological studies? 6. Does the site offer significant research potential?

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