Territory Stories

An archaeological survey of the Litchfield Road Reserve, chainage 14 - 44 km.



An archaeological survey of the Litchfield Road Reserve, chainage 14 - 44 km.


Woolfe, Richard; Guse, Daryl; Campbell Project Management Services; Earth Sea Heritage Surveys

Commissioned by

Northern Territory. Department of Planning and Infrastructure


E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT; TR 17/05




The aim of this survey was to locate and record any prescribed archaeological objects or places as defined under the Northern Territory of Australia Heritage Conservation Act 1991; to assess the nature, distribution and significance of archaeologic materials; identify historic places resulting from early non-indigenous settlement, mining and pastoral activities; provide advice and recommendations regarding mitigative procedures and short and long term management strategies for any materials located during the survey. Ensure to the greatest extend possible that sites protected within the terms of the Heritage Conservation Act are not damaged or destroyed by the proposed works. - Introduction


Earth Sea Heritage Surveys was engaged by the Construction Division of IPE through Peter Campbell Project Managers; Prepared for: Campbell Project Management Services and Construction Division, Department of Planning and Infrastructure.; Made available via the Publications (Legal Deposit) Act 2004 (NT).

Table of contents

Executive summary -- Results summary -- Introduction -- Environmental and cultural setting -- Background archaeological information -- Methodology -- Archaeological results -- Heritage significance assessment -- Recommendations -- References -- List of attachments




Archaeological surveying; Roadworks

Publisher name

Earth Sea Heritage Surveys

Place of publication



TR 17/05


68, [7] pages : colour illustrations, colour mapS : 30 cm

File type



Attribution International 4.0 (CC BY 4.0)

Copyright owner

Northern Territory Government



Parent handle


Citation address


Page content

Archaeological Survey Page 68 15/11/2005 Litchfield Rd, 14-44 km. ... The preservation and protection from injury or desecration of areas and objects in Australia and in Australia and in Australian waters, being areas and objects that are of particular significance to Aboriginals in accordance with Aboriginal tradition. (Section 4) The Act was intended for use as a last resort to protect Aboriginal heritage where state and Territory laws are ineffective or there is unwillingness to enforce them (Evatt 1996:5). Protection is provided indirectly by enabling the Minister to make short and long-term declarations to protect areas and objects of significance to Aboriginal people. These declarations are supported by a system of criminal penalties. The Hon Elizabeth Evatt undertook a comprehensive review of the Commonwealth Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act in 1995. Environment Protection and Biodiversity (EPBC) Act 1999 The commencement of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (EPBC Act) began on the 16 July 2000 to replace the following Commonwealth legislation: Environment Protection Act 1974 Endangered Species Protection Act 1992 National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1975 World Heritage Properties Conservation Act 1983 Whale Protection Act 1980 The EPBC Act is primarily concerned with the protection and conservation of those aspects of national environmental significance. In repealing the above Acts, this Act attempts to consolidate into one statute most of the Commonwealths responsibilities for the environment. There are three major sections to this Act, environmental assessment and control, biodiversity conservation, and enforcement and administration. The EPBC outlines a process of referral for environmental assessment and approval. This is meant to ensure that actions which are likely to have a significant impact on a matter of national environmental significance are subject to a rigorous assessment and approval process (Environment Australia 1999:4). The Act also provides for the protection and management of protected areas including Commonwealth reserves (national parks), World Heritage Properties, Ramsar wetlands and biosphere reserves. Enforcement and administration provisions establish several advisory committees, reporting mechanisms on the state of the environment, environmental audits and powers to remedy environmental damage caused by a contravention of the Act.

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