Territory Stories

Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators



Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators


Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision


E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT




The OID report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. Section 1.1 describes the origins of the report, and section 1.2 describes its key objectives. Section 1.3 provides contextual information on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Section 1.4 includes a brief historical narrative to help put the information in the report into context. Section 1.5 summarises some recent developments in government policy that have influenced the report and section 1.6 provides further information on the Steering Committee and the OID Working Group that advises it.


"These reports generally uses the term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians’ to describe Australia’s first peoples and ‘non-Indigenous Australians’ to refer to Australians of other backgrounds, except where quoting other sources." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this publication may contain images of deceased people.

Table of contents

Preliminaries -- Overview chapter -- Introduction -- The framework -- Key themes and interpretation -- COAG targets and headline indicators -- Governance, leadership and culture -- Early child development -- Education and training -- Healthy lives -- Economic participation -- Home environment -- Safe and supportive communities -- Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people -- Measuring factors that improve outcomes -- Appendices.




Aboriginal Australians -- Ecoomic conditions; Aboriginal Australians -- Social conditions; Public welfare administration -- Australia; Aboriginal Australians -- Services for; Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage (Australia)

Publisher name

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision

Place of publication

Canberra (A.C.T.)


5 volumes (various pagings) : charts, colour map ; 30 cm.

File type



9781740375917 (Print); 9781740375900 (PDF)


1448-9805 (Print); 2206-9704 (Online)



Copyright owner

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision



Parent handle


Citation address


Related items

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445153; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445154; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445156; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445151

Page content

4.34 OVERCOMING INDIGENOUS DISADVANTAGE 2016 Box 4.4.4 (continued) While the study did not establish that instruction using ABRA had an effect on students reading scores, it proposed that improved phonological awareness may take time to directly impact reading ability, and that a follow-up study would be needed to show whether this is the case Source: Australian Council for Educational Research 2013, Evaluation of the Cape York Aboriginal Australian Academy Initiative, Final report for the Department of Education, Training and Employment Queensland June 2013, ACER, Melbourne; NSW Government 2012, Report of the Program Evaluation of QuickSmart Numeracy, March 2012; Harper, H. and Helmer, J. 2011, ABRACADABRA Early Childhood Literacy Project, Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, NT; Department of Training and Education Queensland (DET) 2016, Review of school education in Aurukun. Future directions in data NAPLAN data are reported for individual bands of performance by Indigenous status, enabling assessment of movement of higher and lower performers. However, confidence intervals are not currently available for these data. The availability of confidence intervals would enable assessment of the gap within individual performance bands over time. References ACER (Australian Council for Educational Research) 2004, What Do We Know about the Experiences of Australian Youth?, Victoria. Anderson, K. 2012, Indigenous Students Increasing Risk of Grade Repitition in Early Schooling, Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 196207. Biddle, N. 2010, A Human Capital Approach to the Educational Marginalisation of Indigenous Australians, Working Paper no 67, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Australian National University, Canberra, http://caepr.anu.edu.au/ Publications/WP/2010WP67.php (accessed 12 August 2016). and Cameron, T. 2012, Potential Factors Influencing Indigenous Education Participation and Achievement, Research Report, National Centre for Vocational Education and Training, Adelaide. Bodkin-Andrews, G.H., Seaton, M., Nelson, G.F., Craven, R.G. and Yeung, A.S. 2010, Questioning the General Self-esteem Vaccine: General Self-esteem, Racial Discrimination, and Standardised Achievement across Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Students, Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 20 (1), pp. 121, http://www.researchonline.mq.edu.au/vital/access/manager/Repository/mq:29494 (accessed 12 August 2016). COAG (Council of Australian Governments) 2009, National Indigenous Reform Agreement, http://www.federalfinancialrelations.gov.au/content/npa/health/_archive/ indigenous-reform/national-agreement_sept_12.pdf (accessed 12 August 2016).

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