Territory Stories

Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators



Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators


Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision


E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT




The OID report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. Section 1.1 describes the origins of the report, and section 1.2 describes its key objectives. Section 1.3 provides contextual information on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Section 1.4 includes a brief historical narrative to help put the information in the report into context. Section 1.5 summarises some recent developments in government policy that have influenced the report and section 1.6 provides further information on the Steering Committee and the OID Working Group that advises it.


"These reports generally uses the term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians’ to describe Australia’s first peoples and ‘non-Indigenous Australians’ to refer to Australians of other backgrounds, except where quoting other sources." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this publication may contain images of deceased people.

Table of contents

Preliminaries -- Overview chapter -- Introduction -- The framework -- Key themes and interpretation -- COAG targets and headline indicators -- Governance, leadership and culture -- Early child development -- Education and training -- Healthy lives -- Economic participation -- Home environment -- Safe and supportive communities -- Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people -- Measuring factors that improve outcomes -- Appendices.




Aboriginal Australians -- Ecoomic conditions; Aboriginal Australians -- Social conditions; Public welfare administration -- Australia; Aboriginal Australians -- Services for; Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage (Australia)

Publisher name

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision

Place of publication

Canberra (A.C.T.)


5 volumes (various pagings) : charts, colour map ; 30 cm.

File type



9781740375917 (Print); 9781740375900 (PDF)


1448-9805 (Print); 2206-9704 (Online)



Copyright owner

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision



Parent handle


Citation address


Related items

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445153; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445154; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445156; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445151

Page content

GOVERNANCE, LEADERSHIP AND CULTURE 5.63 Measuring participation in sport, arts or community group activities gives an indication of how connected an individual is to their local community, by mapping formal networks of social relations (Stone 2001). For all Australian children and young people, participation in sport and cultural activities provides opportunities to develop physically, socially, emotionally and cognitively (The Smith Family 2013; Vella et al. 2015). An analysis of the Australian Youth in Focus Project conducted by Le (2013) found that participation in extracurricular activity such as organised or other sports, arts, or other activities including volunteer work or cultural activities, reduced risky behaviours such as smoking, drinking and marijuana use. Further to this, the Youth Activity Participation Study of Western Australia found that Australian students at risk or from disadvantaged backgrounds benefited most from participation in extracurricular activities, whether it was sport, music, dance or drama (Annear 2010). Involvement in arts and cultural events and activities Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians involvement in cultural events and activities has been shown to relate to a range of positive socioeconomic indicators, such as higher educational attainment, and higher probability of being employed, as well as better mental health, and to a lesser degree, increased happiness (Dockery 2011). Analysis of the 2008 NATSISS suggested that, in remote areas, feeling happy was associated with participating in cultural activities with 83 per cent of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians who were involved in art, craft, dance, music or story-telling reporting that they felt happy some or most of the time. Of those who attended cultural activities at least once per week, 81 per cent were happy some or most of the time, compared with 71 per cent among those who rarely or never attended cultural events (ABS 2010b). In 2014-15, for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians aged 15 years and over, nearly two in three (62.6 per cent) had attended at least one cultural event in the last 12 months (table 5A.7.1). This varied across states and territories, and by remoteness. For example: attendance at cultural events in the NT (83.3 per cent) was significantly higher than for other states and territories (table 5A.7.1) attendance at cultural events increased with remoteness, from 53.2 per cent in inner regional areas to 85.7 per cent in very remote areas (table 5A.7.2). Between 2002 and 2008, for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians aged 15 years and over, attendance at cultural events decreased nationally from 68.1 per cent to 62.9 per cent. Attendance rates were similar between 2008 and 2014-15 (62.9 per cent and 62.6 per cent respectively) (table 5A.7.1). Data on attendance at cultural events are also reported by age (table 5A.7.3).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this website may contain the names, voices and images of people who have died, as well as other culturally sensitive content. Please be aware that some collection items may use outdated phrases or words which reflect the attitude of the creator at the time, and are now considered offensive.

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