Territory Stories

Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators



Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators


Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision


E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT




The OID report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. Section 1.1 describes the origins of the report, and section 1.2 describes its key objectives. Section 1.3 provides contextual information on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Section 1.4 includes a brief historical narrative to help put the information in the report into context. Section 1.5 summarises some recent developments in government policy that have influenced the report and section 1.6 provides further information on the Steering Committee and the OID Working Group that advises it.


"These reports generally uses the term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians’ to describe Australia’s first peoples and ‘non-Indigenous Australians’ to refer to Australians of other backgrounds, except where quoting other sources." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this publication may contain images of deceased people.

Table of contents

Preliminaries -- Overview chapter -- Introduction -- The framework -- Key themes and interpretation -- COAG targets and headline indicators -- Governance, leadership and culture -- Early child development -- Education and training -- Healthy lives -- Economic participation -- Home environment -- Safe and supportive communities -- Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people -- Measuring factors that improve outcomes -- Appendices.




Aboriginal Australians -- Ecoomic conditions; Aboriginal Australians -- Social conditions; Public welfare administration -- Australia; Aboriginal Australians -- Services for; Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage (Australia)

Publisher name

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision

Place of publication

Canberra (A.C.T.)


5 volumes (various pagings) : charts, colour map ; 30 cm.

File type



9781740375917 (Print); 9781740375900 (PDF)


1448-9805 (Print); 2206-9704 (Online)



Copyright owner

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision



Parent handle


Citation address


Related items

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445153; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445154; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445156; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445151

Page content

6.14 OVERCOMING INDIGENOUS DISADVANTAGE 2016 Passey et al. (2012) found that knowledge of antenatal smoking risks was an insufficient strategy to stop smoking for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women, whose social environment and daily stressors may be exacerbated by pregnancy. Glover et al. (2013) found that over half the women participating in a study of the antenatal experiences of Aboriginal women and families reported having to deal with three or more social health issues (e.g., housing problems, drug and alcohol issue, family violence, death of a family member) when they were pregnant. Future directions in data Limited information is available about the prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) in Australia, due to factors including a low level of awareness by clinicians, complexity of diagnosis and until May 2016 the absence of nationally agreed and consistent diagnostic criteria and definitions. The Australian FASD Diagnostic Tool was released in May 2016 and may impact data reporting in the future. In 2016, the University of Sydney was funded to develop a national FASD Register to complement the FASD Diagnostic Tool and will improve the ability to monitor prevalence trends over time. It is anticipated the Register will be finalised in 2017. The AIHW is continuing to pursue the collection of data on alcohol use during pregnancy. Its National Maternity Data Development project (NMDDP) is developing nationally consistent perinatal data. Through the project, a list of high priority data items for national standardisation and addition to the Perinatal National Minimum Data Set (NMDS) has been developed, including data on Alcohol consumption in pregnancy. In June 2012, the AIHW sought agreement from states and territories to pilot the data item alcohol use in pregnancy for potential implementation. As at the time of preparing this report full agreement had not been received from the states and territories to commence the pilot. References AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2014, National Drug Strategy Household Survey Detailed Report 2013, Cat. PHE 145, Drug statistics series no. 28. Cat. no. PHE 183, AIHW, Canberra. Behl, M., Rao, D., Aagaard, K., Davidson, T.L., Levin, E.D., Slotkin, T.A., Srinivasan, S., Wallinga, D., White, M.F., Walker, V.R., Thayer, K.A. and Holloway, A.C. 2013, Evaluation of the Association between Maternal Smoking, Childhood Obesity, and Metabolic Disorders: A National Toxicology Program Workshop Review, Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 121, no. 2, pp. 170180. Brown, S.J., Menash, F.K., Kit, J.A., Stuart-Butler, D., Glover, K., Leane, C., Weetra, D., Gartland, D., Newbury, J. and Yelland, J. 2016, Use of cannabis during pregnancy and birth outcomes in an Aboriginal birth cohort: a cross-sectional, population-based study, BMJ Open, vol. 6, no. 2, p. p e01286.

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