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Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators



Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators


Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision


E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT




The OID report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. Section 1.1 describes the origins of the report, and section 1.2 describes its key objectives. Section 1.3 provides contextual information on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Section 1.4 includes a brief historical narrative to help put the information in the report into context. Section 1.5 summarises some recent developments in government policy that have influenced the report and section 1.6 provides further information on the Steering Committee and the OID Working Group that advises it.


"These reports generally uses the term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians’ to describe Australia’s first peoples and ‘non-Indigenous Australians’ to refer to Australians of other backgrounds, except where quoting other sources." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this publication may contain images of deceased people.

Table of contents

Preliminaries -- Overview chapter -- Introduction -- The framework -- Key themes and interpretation -- COAG targets and headline indicators -- Governance, leadership and culture -- Early child development -- Education and training -- Healthy lives -- Economic participation -- Home environment -- Safe and supportive communities -- Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people -- Measuring factors that improve outcomes -- Appendices.




Aboriginal Australians -- Ecoomic conditions; Aboriginal Australians -- Social conditions; Public welfare administration -- Australia; Aboriginal Australians -- Services for; Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage (Australia)

Publisher name

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision

Place of publication

Canberra (A.C.T.)


5 volumes (various pagings) : charts, colour map ; 30 cm.

File type



9781740375917 (Print); 9781740375900 (PDF)


1448-9805 (Print); 2206-9704 (Online)



Copyright owner

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision



Parent handle


Citation address


Related items

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445153; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445154; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445156; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445151

Page content

6.50 OVERCOMING INDIGENOUS DISADVANTAGE 2016 attainment at one stage of life raises skill attainment at later stages of the life. With birth to school age the period of greatest growth and development, these first skills are very important as they form the foundations for childrens ongoing development and affect their mental health and wellbeing, now and into the future (G. Kalb and van Ours 2012). When children transition to school already equipped with basic skills for life and learning, they have higher levels of social competence and academic achievement, which in turn increases the likelihood of achieving their potential (AIHW 2012). Children on track on Australian Early Development Census13 (AEDC) domains The AEDC is a population measure of childrens development as they enter full time school. The AEDC assists communities to understand the development of local children compared to other children nationally. In 2015, the Australian version of the Early Development Instrument (tool that collects AEDC data) was completed for 302 003 children in their first year of full-time school (96.5 per cent of all children enrolled to begin school in 2015), including 17 351 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children (5.7 per cent of all children surveyed) (Australian Government 2016). The five developmental domains of the AEDC are presented in table 6.8.1. Table 6.8.1 AEDC domains of childrens development Domain Domain description Physical health and wellbeing Childrens physical readiness for the school day, physical independence and gross and fine motor skills. Social competence Childrens overall social competence, responsibility and respect, approach to learning and readiness to explore new things. Emotional maturity Childrens pro-social and helping behaviours and absence of anxious and fearful behaviour, aggressive behaviour and hyperactivity and inattention. Language and cognitive skills Childrens basic literacy, interest in literacy, numeracy and memory, advanced literacy and basic numeracy. Communication skills and general knowledge Childrens communication skills and general knowledge based on broad developmental competencies and skills. Source: Australian Government 2016, Australian Early Development Census National Report 2015: A Snapshot of Early Child Development in Australia, Canberra. In 2015: Across all domains between 5963 per cent of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were on track, compared to 7686 per cent of non-Indigenous children 13 Prior to 1 July 2014 the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC) was known as the Australian Early Development Index (AEDI).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this website may contain the names, voices and images of people who have died, as well as other culturally sensitive content. Please be aware that some collection items may use outdated phrases or words which reflect the attitude of the creator at the time, and are now considered offensive.

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