Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators
Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision
E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT
The OID report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. Section 1.1 describes the origins of the report, and section 1.2 describes its key objectives. Section 1.3 provides contextual information on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Section 1.4 includes a brief historical narrative to help put the information in the report into context. Section 1.5 summarises some recent developments in government policy that have influenced the report and section 1.6 provides further information on the Steering Committee and the OID Working Group that advises it.
"These reports generally uses the term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians’ to describe Australia’s first peoples and ‘non-Indigenous Australians’ to refer to Australians of other backgrounds, except where quoting other sources." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this publication may contain images of deceased people.
Preliminaries -- Overview chapter -- Introduction -- The framework -- Key themes and interpretation -- COAG targets and headline indicators -- Governance, leadership and culture -- Early child development -- Education and training -- Healthy lives -- Economic participation -- Home environment -- Safe and supportive communities -- Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people -- Measuring factors that improve outcomes -- Appendices.
Aboriginal Australians -- Ecoomic conditions; Aboriginal Australians -- Social conditions; Public welfare administration -- Australia; Aboriginal Australians -- Services for; Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage (Australia)
Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision
5 volumes (various pagings) : charts, colour map ; 30 cm.
9781740375917 (Print); 9781740375900 (PDF)
1448-9805 (Print); 2206-9704 (Online)
https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445153; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445154; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445156; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445151
4.100 OVERCOMING INDIGENOUS DISADVANTAGE 2016 VLA 2015). Children who experience or witness violence have a greater risk of becoming perpetrators of such behaviour (Richards 2011; Wundersitz 2010). Substantiated child abuse and neglect is discussed in section 4.11. The full extent of violence against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians is difficult to establish due to underreporting by victims (Cripps 2008; Willis 2011), lack of appropriate screening by service providers, incomplete identification of gender and Indigenous status in many datasets, and the lack of nationally comparable data on family violence available from police, courts, health or welfare sources (ALRC 2011; Bryant and Willis 2008; Cripps 2008; Olsen and Lovett 2016b; Wundersitz 2010). In addition, existing sources of data do not capture the full extent of family and community violence, as they only include data on reported violence (URBIS 2011). Some reports show that violence and abuse is so prevalent in some communities, that the people who live there regard it as inevitable (Willis 2011) and a language of minimisation describing instances of violence as everyday or innocuous is used in communities to avoid confrontation or aggravating the situation (Cripps and Adams 2014; Cripps 2008; Lloyd 2014). Despite the disproportionate burden of violence against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, violence is not normal or customary in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities (Olsen and Lovett 2016b). There is no single factor, but rather a multitude of interrelated factors that contribute to the occurrence of family and community violence in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations, including: the trauma attributable to colonisation and dispossession the breakdown of traditional culture and kinship practices the removal of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families experiences of violence, including childhood experience of violence and abuse low education and income levels and high unemployment levels, welfare dependency poor and overcrowded housing conditions poor physical and mental health high levels of alcohol misuse and illicit drug use (Bryant 2009; Clapham, Stevenson and Lo 2006; Cripps and Davis 2012; Cripps 2007; Cripps et al. 2009; Olsen and Lovett 2016b; Wundersitz 2010). Alcohol stands out as a significant contributor to violence in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities (Bryant and Willis 2008; Bryant 2009; HREOC 2006; Livingston 2011; Meulerners et al. 2010; Weatherburn, Snowball and Hunter 2008; Wundersitz 2010). In 2014-15, over two-thirds of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians who had experienced physical violence in the last 12 months reported that alcohol or other substances contributed to the most recent incident (higher in remote areas) (ABS 2016a).The role of alcohol and drug and substance misuse in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander homicides is discussed in sections 11.1 and 11.2.
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