Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators
Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision
E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT
The OID report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. Section 1.1 describes the origins of the report, and section 1.2 describes its key objectives. Section 1.3 provides contextual information on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Section 1.4 includes a brief historical narrative to help put the information in the report into context. Section 1.5 summarises some recent developments in government policy that have influenced the report and section 1.6 provides further information on the Steering Committee and the OID Working Group that advises it.
"These reports generally uses the term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians’ to describe Australia’s first peoples and ‘non-Indigenous Australians’ to refer to Australians of other backgrounds, except where quoting other sources." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this publication may contain images of deceased people.
Preliminaries -- Overview chapter -- Introduction -- The framework -- Key themes and interpretation -- COAG targets and headline indicators -- Governance, leadership and culture -- Early child development -- Education and training -- Healthy lives -- Economic participation -- Home environment -- Safe and supportive communities -- Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people -- Measuring factors that improve outcomes -- Appendices.
Aboriginal Australians -- Ecoomic conditions; Aboriginal Australians -- Social conditions; Public welfare administration -- Australia; Aboriginal Australians -- Services for; Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage (Australia)
Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision
5 volumes (various pagings) : charts, colour map ; 30 cm.
9781740375917 (Print); 9781740375900 (PDF)
1448-9805 (Print); 2206-9704 (Online)
https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445153; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445154; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445156; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445151
HEALTHY LIVES 8.3 8.1 Access to primary health care1 Box 8.1.1 Key messages In 2014-15, 39.7 per cent of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians aged 15 years and over reported their health status as excellent or very good. This was a decrease from 43.7 per cent in 2008 (table 8A.1.1). In 2012-13, a smaller proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults reported not seeing a GP/specialist in the previous 12 months (13.6 per cent) compared with 2001 (19.4 per cent) (table 8A.1.14). Time series data on GP/specialist visits are difficult to interpret as increases in usage rates could reflect improved access, or an increasing need. In 2012-13, 2 in 5 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians aged 2 years and over either had not consulted a dentist in the previous two years (26.6 per cent) or had never consulted a dentist (13.9 per cent) (table 8A.1.17). In 2015, the vaccination coverage rate for 5 year old Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children (95.1 per cent) was higher than for other children of the same age (93.1 per cent). For children aged 1 year and 2 years, vaccination coverage rates were lower for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children compared to other children (table 8A.1.25). In 2011, while Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians made up around 3 per cent of the Australian population, they made up only 1.3 per cent of the health workforce (table 8A.1.49). Box 8.1.2 Measures of access to primary health care Access to healthcare is a complex concept, involving sufficient supply of services, and the ability to utilise available services (which may be influenced by affordability, physical accessibility and acceptability of the services and need). There is no single measure of access that encompasses all these aspects. Five proxy measures are reported. Self-assessed health status is defined as the proportion of the population aged 15 years and over reporting their health status as very good or excellent (all jurisdictions; age; sex; remoteness; selected characteristics). Data for self-assessed health status are sourced from the ABS Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (AATSIHS)/National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS), with the most recent data available for 2014-15 (data for the non-Indigenous population sourced from the ABS 2014-15 National Health Survey). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians use of primary health care services is defined as the proportion of the population not visiting a GP/specialist/dentist when they had a health problem (national; remoteness). Reported for those aged 18 years and over for GP/specialist visits and 2 years and over for dentist visits. (continued next page) 1 The Steering Committee notes its appreciation to the National Health Leadership Forum, which reviewed a draft of this section of the report.
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