Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators
Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision
E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT
The OID report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. Section 1.1 describes the origins of the report, and section 1.2 describes its key objectives. Section 1.3 provides contextual information on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Section 1.4 includes a brief historical narrative to help put the information in the report into context. Section 1.5 summarises some recent developments in government policy that have influenced the report and section 1.6 provides further information on the Steering Committee and the OID Working Group that advises it.
"These reports generally uses the term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians’ to describe Australia’s first peoples and ‘non-Indigenous Australians’ to refer to Australians of other backgrounds, except where quoting other sources." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this publication may contain images of deceased people.
Preliminaries -- Overview chapter -- Introduction -- The framework -- Key themes and interpretation -- COAG targets and headline indicators -- Governance, leadership and culture -- Early child development -- Education and training -- Healthy lives -- Economic participation -- Home environment -- Safe and supportive communities -- Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people -- Measuring factors that improve outcomes -- Appendices.
Aboriginal Australians -- Ecoomic conditions; Aboriginal Australians -- Social conditions; Public welfare administration -- Australia; Aboriginal Australians -- Services for; Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage (Australia)
5 volumes (various pagings) : charts, colour map ; 30 cm.
9781740375917 (Print); 9781740375900 (PDF)
1448-9805 (Print); 2206-9704 (Online)
https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445153; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445154; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445156; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445151
10.14 OVERCOMING INDIGENOUS DISADVANTAGE 2016 sanitation, drinking water quality, food safety, disease control and housing conditions resulted in large improvements in public health and longevity for most Australians (AIHW 2014; EnHealth Council 2000). However, many rural and remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities still struggle to achieve the basic level of environmental health that has been achieved for the rest of the population (EnHealth Council 2000; Knibbs and Sly 2014; McDonald, Bailie and Michel 2013). Environmental risk factors can be defined as the biological, chemical and physical agents in the natural and built environments that are capable of causing harm (Knibbs and Sly 2014). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians may be more likely to be affected by environmental risk factors, and factors that may be particularly relevant include poor housing, household crowding and inadequate waste, sanitation and waste facilities (Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2008; Clifford et al. 2015; McDonald et al. 2008; Melody et al. 2016; Torzillo et al. 2008). Identifying the environmental health challenges within Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, and targeting factors to modify or reduce their negative impacts could result in significant improvements in health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander individuals, however, more research is required as there is little current evidence from which to draw clear conclusions (Clifford et al. 2015; Knibbs and Sly 2014; Melody et al. 2016). Hospitalisation rates for selected diseases The hospitalisation data used in this section reflect more serious cases of diseases, but do not necessarily show the overall incidence of disease, as people may not go to a hospital for treatment. Also, a patient in a remote area may be admitted to hospital whereas the same patient in an urban area might be managed as an outpatient. Hospital data can include some duplication, as patients can have multiple admissions for some chronic conditions, as well as changes in conditions (such as transfer from a medical ward to a rehabilitation centre within a hospital) (AIHW 2014). For this report, hospitalisations data are presented for the non-Indigenous population from 2012-13 onwards (for prior years the data are presented for other which includes non-Indigenous Australians and those for whom Indigenous status is unknown or not stated). Prior to 2010-11, six jurisdictions (NSW, Victoria, Queensland, WA, SA and the NT) were considered to have adequate identification of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in hospitalisation data. The attachment tables for this report include hospitalisations data for all jurisdictions for 2012-13 to 2014-15 for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians and non-Indigenous Australians, as well as data for the six jurisdictions for 2004-05 to 2014-15 for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians and other Australians. Nationally in 2014-15, hospitalisation rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians for diseases associated with poor environmental health were highest for intestinal infectious diseases (758.3 per 100 000 population), influenza and pneumonia
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