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Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators



Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators


Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision


E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT




The OID report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. Section 1.1 describes the origins of the report, and section 1.2 describes its key objectives. Section 1.3 provides contextual information on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Section 1.4 includes a brief historical narrative to help put the information in the report into context. Section 1.5 summarises some recent developments in government policy that have influenced the report and section 1.6 provides further information on the Steering Committee and the OID Working Group that advises it.


"These reports generally uses the term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians’ to describe Australia’s first peoples and ‘non-Indigenous Australians’ to refer to Australians of other backgrounds, except where quoting other sources." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this publication may contain images of deceased people.

Table of contents

Preliminaries -- Overview chapter -- Introduction -- The framework -- Key themes and interpretation -- COAG targets and headline indicators -- Governance, leadership and culture -- Early child development -- Education and training -- Healthy lives -- Economic participation -- Home environment -- Safe and supportive communities -- Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people -- Measuring factors that improve outcomes -- Appendices.




Aboriginal Australians -- Ecoomic conditions; Aboriginal Australians -- Social conditions; Public welfare administration -- Australia; Aboriginal Australians -- Services for; Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage (Australia)

Publisher name

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision

Place of publication

Canberra (A.C.T.)


5 volumes (various pagings) : charts, colour map ; 30 cm.

File type



9781740375917 (Print); 9781740375900 (PDF)


1448-9805 (Print); 2206-9704 (Online)



Copyright owner

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision



Parent handle


Citation address


Related items

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445153; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445154; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445156; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445151

Page content

10.18 OVERCOMING INDIGENOUS DISADVANTAGE 2016 Box 10.2.3 Things that work Improving environmental health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians The East Arnhem Scabies Control Program (EASCP) was established in early 2011 as a joint initiative of One Disease, Miwatj Health Aboriginal Corporation and the NT Government Department of Health. The program has three main goals: 1. to eliminate crusted scabies as a public health issue in all participating East Arnhem communities by the end of the third year of the program 2. to document a 50 per cent reduction in scabies and skin sores rates from baseline by the end of the third year of the program in at least three participating communities while aiming for all communities 3. to support related environmental health and regulatory initiatives. The program was evaluated between August 2011 and June 2013.1 Seven patients in the three communities under evaluation and seven paired contacts (a household child contact with the same primary resistance) were included. The evaluation found that, compared to the baseline (prior to intervention), there was a significant decrease in total recurrences of crusted scabies (44 per cent) and paired contact presentations for simple scabies (58 per cent). These results are positive, although the generalisability of the results may be limited by the small sample size (active case finding by the EASCP across 11 remote communities of northern Australian has confirmed 20 cases from early 2011 to April 2014). Despite this limitation, the Central Australian Rural Practitioners Association Standard treatment manual (2014) has been updated to feature the EASCPs model of care. 1 Although this evaluation was not independent, it was published in the Medical Journal Of Australia (MJA), a leading peer-reviewed general medical journal. Sources: Lokuge, B., Kopczynski, A., Woltmann, A., Alvoen, F., Connors, C., Guyula, T., Mulholland, E., Cran, S., Foster, T., Lokuge, K., Burke, T. and Prince, S. 2014, Crusted scabies in remote Australia, a new way forward: lessons and outcomes from the East Arnhem Scabies Control Program, The Medical Journal Of Australia, vol. 200, no. 11, pp. 644648; Central Australian Rural Practitioners Association 2014, CARPA Standard Treatment Manual, 6th edn, Centre for Remote Health, Alice Springs. References Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2008, Review of the Impact of Housing and Health-Related Infrastructure on Indigenous Health, http://www.healthinfonet.ecu. edu.au/determinants/physical-environment/reviews/our-review (accessed 16 June 2016). AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2013, Rheumatic Heart Disease and Acute Rheumatic Fever in Australia: 19962012, Cat. CVD 60, Cardiovascular disease series no. 36, Canberra, ACT, http://www.aihw.gov.au/WorkArea/DownloadAsset. aspx?id=60129542747 (accessed 8 July 2016). 2014, Australian Hospital Statistics 2012-13, Health services series no 54, HSE 145, AIHW, Canberra.

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