Territory Stories

Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators



Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators


Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision


E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT




The OID report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. Section 1.1 describes the origins of the report, and section 1.2 describes its key objectives. Section 1.3 provides contextual information on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Section 1.4 includes a brief historical narrative to help put the information in the report into context. Section 1.5 summarises some recent developments in government policy that have influenced the report and section 1.6 provides further information on the Steering Committee and the OID Working Group that advises it.


"These reports generally uses the term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians’ to describe Australia’s first peoples and ‘non-Indigenous Australians’ to refer to Australians of other backgrounds, except where quoting other sources." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this publication may contain images of deceased people.

Table of contents

Preliminaries -- Overview chapter -- Introduction -- The framework -- Key themes and interpretation -- COAG targets and headline indicators -- Governance, leadership and culture -- Early child development -- Education and training -- Healthy lives -- Economic participation -- Home environment -- Safe and supportive communities -- Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people -- Measuring factors that improve outcomes -- Appendices.




Aboriginal Australians -- Ecoomic conditions; Aboriginal Australians -- Social conditions; Public welfare administration -- Australia; Aboriginal Australians -- Services for; Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage (Australia)

Publisher name

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision

Place of publication

Canberra (A.C.T.)


5 volumes (various pagings) : charts, colour map ; 30 cm.

File type



9781740375917 (Print); 9781740375900 (PDF)


1448-9805 (Print); 2206-9704 (Online)



Copyright owner

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision



Parent handle


Citation address


Related items

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445153; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445154; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445156; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445151

Page content

TABLE 11A.3.1 Table 11A.3.1 State and Territory legislation on juvenile diversions S/T Legislation Scope NSW Young Offenders Act 1997 Young offenders can be diverted using warnings, police cautions and youth justice conferences. Warnings apply for the least serious offences, while more serious offences may elicit cautions, conferences and finally court for the most serious offences. Infringement notices consisting of an on the spot fine can be issued for certain offences. VIC Not legislated Cautioning of offenders is left to the discretion of police officers. Only the court can refer a juvenile to a restorative process Children, Youth and Families Act 2005 . QLD Youth Justice Act 1992 Diversionary methods include caution and community conference as alternatives to arrest, notice to appear, summons or warrant. WA Young Offenders Act 1994 Under the Act, police officers can issue young offenders with a formal written caution, or the matter can be transferred to a Juvenile Justice Team (JJT) via police or court referral. Where the matter is referred to a JJT, young people are held accountable for their offending behaviour through meetings with their families, victims and police. No criminal conviction is recorded against the young person. SA Young Offenders Act 1993 Legislates for a three tiered system of diversion, involving informal cautions, formal cautions and family conferences Tas Youth Justice Act 1997 Under the Act, a juvenile must agree to the convening of a community conference and must sign an undertaking to attend the conference. The juvenile, the relevant police officer and the victim (if present at the conference) must agree on the outcome of a community conference. ACT The Act allows for juveniles to be referred by the police, during the court process, or post sentence. The Act stipulates that an offender is deemed eligible for restorative justice if they 'accept responsibility for the commission of the offence' and agree to take part in a restorative justice process. NT Youth Justice Act The scheme consists of verbal warnings, written warnings, formal cautions, family conferences and victim/offender conferences. Source : Crimes (Restorative Justice) Act 2004 Richards, K., (2010), Police-Referred Restorative Justice for Juveniles in Australia , Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, Australian Institute of Criminology. OVERCOMING INDIGENOUS DISADVANTAGE 2016 ATTACHMENT TABLES PAGE 1 of TABLE 11A.3.1

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this website may contain the names, voices and images of people who have died, as well as other culturally sensitive content. Please be aware that some collection items may use outdated phrases or words which reflect the attitude of the creator at the time, and are now considered offensive.

We use temporary cookies on this site to provide functionality.
By continuing to use this site without changing your settings, you consent to our use of cookies.