Territory Stories

Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators



Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators


Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision


E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT




The OID report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. Section 1.1 describes the origins of the report, and section 1.2 describes its key objectives. Section 1.3 provides contextual information on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Section 1.4 includes a brief historical narrative to help put the information in the report into context. Section 1.5 summarises some recent developments in government policy that have influenced the report and section 1.6 provides further information on the Steering Committee and the OID Working Group that advises it.


"These reports generally uses the term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians’ to describe Australia’s first peoples and ‘non-Indigenous Australians’ to refer to Australians of other backgrounds, except where quoting other sources." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this publication may contain images of deceased people.

Table of contents

Preliminaries -- Overview chapter -- Introduction -- The framework -- Key themes and interpretation -- COAG targets and headline indicators -- Governance, leadership and culture -- Early child development -- Education and training -- Healthy lives -- Economic participation -- Home environment -- Safe and supportive communities -- Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people -- Measuring factors that improve outcomes -- Appendices.




Aboriginal Australians -- Ecoomic conditions; Aboriginal Australians -- Social conditions; Public welfare administration -- Australia; Aboriginal Australians -- Services for; Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage (Australia)

Publisher name

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision

Place of publication

Canberra (A.C.T.)


5 volumes (various pagings) : charts, colour map ; 30 cm.

File type



9781740375917 (Print); 9781740375900 (PDF)


1448-9805 (Print); 2206-9704 (Online)



Copyright owner

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision



Parent handle


Citation address


Related items

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445153; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445154; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445156; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445151

Page content

2.10 OVERCOMING INDIGENOUS DISADVANTAGE 2016 Commonwealth funding for the Clearinghouse ceased in 2014 with the final publication loaded in December 2015. Where no relevant material has been available from the Clearinghouse, other potential things that work case studies were provided by jurisdictions (through the Steering Committee and its advisory group, the OID working group) and were assessed against the criteria in box 2.1.3. A very high threshold was applied to ensure appropriate rigour, with independent evaluations of programs sought. For case studies where evaluations are relatively dated, these have been included where recent information indicates program outcomes have been maintained. In a few cases, the Steering Committee has included case studies of innovative reforms that appear worthwhile, but which have not been evaluated. In such cases, the Steering Committee has explicitly noted the desirability of formal evaluation. Box 2.1.3 Things that work criteria Things that work case studies highlight programs or services that are successfully acting to improve outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Case studies must: be relevant to a report indicator have measurable, up to date outcomes have a reasonable track record of success be supported by local Indigenous people who use or are affected by the case study be agreed for inclusion by all jurisdictions where possible, include an analysis of costs and benefits. The rigour in the selection of case studies has resulted in a relatively small number included in this report (compared to the overall number of programs and policies in operation across Australia). This reflects a lack of rigorously evaluated programs in the Indigenous policy area. As noted by participants in the Productivity Commissions Roundtable on Indigenous policy evaluation in 2013 Significant gaps exist in the Australian evidence base, due to [the] lack of mandated evaluations (PC 2013, page 6, summary of roundtable discussions). This point was reiterated by the Productivity Commission in its NIRA assessment report (PC 2015), with the report stating that a much greater emphasis should be placed on policy evaluation if improvements are to be seen in outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. 2.2 Key concepts incorporated in the framework The OID reports strategic framework has changed over time, responding to changes in government priorities, developments in the evidence base and feedback from consultations with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians and their organisations, academics, researchers and service providers.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this website may contain the names, voices and images of people who have died, as well as other culturally sensitive content. Please be aware that some collection items may use outdated phrases or words which reflect the attitude of the creator at the time, and are now considered offensive.

We use temporary cookies on this site to provide functionality.
By continuing to use this site without changing your settings, you consent to our use of cookies.