Territory Stories

Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators



Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators


Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision


E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT




The OID report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. Section 1.1 describes the origins of the report, and section 1.2 describes its key objectives. Section 1.3 provides contextual information on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Section 1.4 includes a brief historical narrative to help put the information in the report into context. Section 1.5 summarises some recent developments in government policy that have influenced the report and section 1.6 provides further information on the Steering Committee and the OID Working Group that advises it.


"These reports generally uses the term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians’ to describe Australia’s first peoples and ‘non-Indigenous Australians’ to refer to Australians of other backgrounds, except where quoting other sources." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this publication may contain images of deceased people.

Table of contents

Preliminaries -- Overview chapter -- Introduction -- The framework -- Key themes and interpretation -- COAG targets and headline indicators -- Governance, leadership and culture -- Early child development -- Education and training -- Healthy lives -- Economic participation -- Home environment -- Safe and supportive communities -- Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people -- Measuring factors that improve outcomes -- Appendices.




Aboriginal Australians -- Ecoomic conditions; Aboriginal Australians -- Social conditions; Public welfare administration -- Australia; Aboriginal Australians -- Services for; Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage (Australia)

Publisher name

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision

Place of publication

Canberra (A.C.T.)


5 volumes (various pagings) : charts, colour map ; 30 cm.

File type



9781740375917 (Print); 9781740375900 (PDF)


1448-9805 (Print); 2206-9704 (Online)



Copyright owner

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision



Parent handle


Citation address


Related items

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445153; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445154; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445156; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445151

Page content

KEY THEMES AND INTERPRETATION 3.7 Relative standard errors (RSEs) are a statistical measure of the precision of a survey statistic. RSEs for all survey data included in the report are shown in the relevant attachment tables, which are available on the website (www.pc.gov.au/oid2016). Administrative data A range of administrative data is used across this report. These data are collected for different reasons, including for regulatory purposes or administration of government programs. The resulting administrative records can also be used for statistical purposes. These data are constantly updated and new data may be available annually or more frequently. However, Australias federal system means that there are often differences across states and territories in the types of services provided, or the definitions used within data collections, which make it difficult to compare results across jurisdictions or to estimate national totals. Major differences in definitions or data collections are noted in this report as appropriate. In some instances, administrative data can offer important advantages over direct collection of data from the population concerned (particularly in reducing respondent burden). However, administrative data may not represent all of the population of interest (for example, data related to the delivery of a government service will only include people who accessed the service). Although there is general agreement on a standard Indigenous status question to ensure consistency in data collections (ABS 2014b), there can be issues with the accuracy of Indigenous identification across jurisdictions and over time. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians are not always asked the question, there are situations where they may choose not to identify, and there are also some inconsistencies in the recording of Indigenous status across jurisdictions and collections. Governments have committed to improve the identification of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in data collections as part of the National Indigenous Reform Agreement (NIRA). Administrative data can also be affected by the availability or accessibility of services, and by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians willingness (or propensity) to access those services. For example, different rates of substantiated child abuse and neglect across jurisdictions or over time may be the result of differential access to services or different propensities to report child abuse, rather than differences in its occurrence (see section 4.10). Rate ratios and rate differences For some indicators, rate differences and rate ratios are calculated to compare rates between different groups, consistent with the approach in NIRA reporting. They are most commonly used when comparing age standardised rates.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this website may contain the names, voices and images of people who have died, as well as other culturally sensitive content. Please be aware that some collection items may use outdated phrases or words which reflect the attitude of the creator at the time, and are now considered offensive.

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