Territory Stories

Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators



Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators


Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision


E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT




The OID report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. Section 1.1 describes the origins of the report, and section 1.2 describes its key objectives. Section 1.3 provides contextual information on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Section 1.4 includes a brief historical narrative to help put the information in the report into context. Section 1.5 summarises some recent developments in government policy that have influenced the report and section 1.6 provides further information on the Steering Committee and the OID Working Group that advises it.


"These reports generally uses the term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians’ to describe Australia’s first peoples and ‘non-Indigenous Australians’ to refer to Australians of other backgrounds, except where quoting other sources." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this publication may contain images of deceased people.

Table of contents

Preliminaries -- Overview chapter -- Introduction -- The framework -- Key themes and interpretation -- COAG targets and headline indicators -- Governance, leadership and culture -- Early child development -- Education and training -- Healthy lives -- Economic participation -- Home environment -- Safe and supportive communities -- Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people -- Measuring factors that improve outcomes -- Appendices.




Aboriginal Australians -- Ecoomic conditions; Aboriginal Australians -- Social conditions; Public welfare administration -- Australia; Aboriginal Australians -- Services for; Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage (Australia)

Publisher name

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision

Place of publication

Canberra (A.C.T.)


5 volumes (various pagings) : charts, colour map ; 30 cm.

File type



9781740375917 (Print); 9781740375900 (PDF)


1448-9805 (Print); 2206-9704 (Online)



Copyright owner

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision



Parent handle


Citation address


Related items

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445153; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445154; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445156; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445151

Page content

4.2 OVERCOMING INDIGENOUS DISADVANTAGE 2016 and prevention of violence, crime and self-harm are key determinants in the achievement of safe, healthy and supportive family environments with strong communities and cultural identity. Without these conditions in place, it is very difficult to achieve improved wealth creation and economic sustainability. Progress against the COAG targets and headline indicators (box 4.1) reflects the extent to which this vision is becoming a reality. Like the priority outcomes themselves, these indicators are strongly inter-dependent. Few of the COAG targets or headline indicators are likely to improve solely as the result of a single policy or a single agency positive change will generally require action across a range of areas. In addition, most of these high level indicators are likely to take some time to improve, even if effective policies are implemented in the strategic areas for action. The COAG targets and headline indicators are high level indicators: life expectancy life expectancy is a broad indicator of the long-term health and wellbeing of a population young child mortality young child mortality (particularly infant (<1 year old) mortality) is an indicator of the general health of a population early childhood education childrens experiences in their early years influence lifelong learning, behaviour and health. High quality early childhood education can enhance the social and cognitive skills necessary for achievement at school and later in life reading, writing and numeracy improved educational outcomes are key to overcoming many aspects of disadvantage year 1 to 10 attendance there is a direct relationship between days attending school and academic performance (this was an indicator in chapter 7 in the 2014 report but has been moved to this chapter following the COAG decision in late 2014 to set an attendance target) year 12 attainment a year 12 or equivalent qualification significantly increases the likelihood of a successful transition to post-school activities, including further education, training and employment employment employment contributes to living standards, self-esteem and overall wellbeing. It is also important to families and communities post-secondary education participation and attainment education can affect employment prospects and incomes, and also health and the ability to make informed life decisions disability and chronic disease high rates of disability and chronic disease affect the quality of life of many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Disability and chronic disease can also affect other outcomes, by creating barriers to social interaction and reducing access to services, employment and education

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this website may contain the names, voices and images of people who have died, as well as other culturally sensitive content. Please be aware that some collection items may use outdated phrases or words which reflect the attitude of the creator at the time, and are now considered offensive.

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