Territory Stories

Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators

Details:

Title

Overcoming indigenous disadvantage - key indicators

Creator

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision

Collection

E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT

Date

2003-11

Description

The OID report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. Section 1.1 describes the origins of the report, and section 1.2 describes its key objectives. Section 1.3 provides contextual information on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Section 1.4 includes a brief historical narrative to help put the information in the report into context. Section 1.5 summarises some recent developments in government policy that have influenced the report and section 1.6 provides further information on the Steering Committee and the OID Working Group that advises it.

Notes

"These reports generally uses the term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians’ to describe Australia’s first peoples and ‘non-Indigenous Australians’ to refer to Australians of other backgrounds, except where quoting other sources." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this publication may contain images of deceased people.

Table of contents

Preliminaries -- Overview chapter -- Introduction -- The framework -- Key themes and interpretation -- COAG targets and headline indicators -- Governance, leadership and culture -- Early child development -- Education and training -- Healthy lives -- Economic participation -- Home environment -- Safe and supportive communities -- Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people -- Measuring factors that improve outcomes -- Appendices.

Language

English

Subject

Aboriginal Australians -- Ecoomic conditions; Aboriginal Australians -- Social conditions; Public welfare administration -- Australia; Aboriginal Australians -- Services for; Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage (Australia)

Publisher name

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision

Place of publication

Canberra (A.C.T.)

Format

5 volumes (various pagings) : charts, colour map ; 30 cm.

File type

application/pdf

ISBN

9781740375917 (Print); 9781740375900 (PDF)

ISSN

1448-9805 (Print); 2206-9704 (Online)

Use

Copyright

Copyright owner

Australia. Productivity Commission for the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision

License

https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2019C00042

Parent handle

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/267090

Citation address

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445158

Related items

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445153; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445154; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445156; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/445151

Page content

4.4 OVERCOMING INDIGENOUS DISADVANTAGE 2016 4.1 Life expectancy1 Box 4.1.1 Key messages Life expectancy is a broad indicator of a populations long-term health and wellbeing. Nationally for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander babies born in 20102012, estimated life expectancy was 69.1 years for males and 73.7 years for females (table 4A.1.1). From 20052007 to 20102012, the gap in life expectancy for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians and non-Indigenous Australians narrowed for both males and females (from 11.4 to 10.6 years for males, and from 9.6 to 9.5 years for females) (tables 4A.1.1 and 4A.1.3). From 1998 to 2014, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mortality rate decreased from 448.7 to 433.5 deaths per 100 000 population (figure 4.1.1). In 2014, after adjusting for differences in population age structures, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mortality rate was 1.7 times the rate for non-Indigenous Australians (figure 4.1.2). From 1998 to 2014, after adjusting for differences in population age structures the gap between the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous mortality rates narrowed by 14 per cent (figure 4.1.2). Over this period, the leading causes of death for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous Australians were diseases of the circulatory system and neoplasms (cancers). The gap in rates narrowed for the former and widened for the latter (table 4A.1.19). Box 4.1.2 Measures of life expectancy There is one main measure for this indicator (aligned with the associated NIRA indicator). Estimated life expectancy at birth is defined as the average number of years a person could expect to live, if they experienced the age/sex specific death rates that applied at their birth. The most recent available data are from the ABS Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous life tables for 20102012 (NSW, Queensland, WA, the NT and national; sex; remoteness). Life expectancy estimates for Victoria, SA, Tasmania and the ACT are not available by Indigenous status because of small Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations in these jurisdictions (although data are included in national totals). Data are also provided for one supplementary measure (aligned with the associated NIRA indicator). Mortality rate by leading causes is defined as the number of deaths per 100 000 population (considered a proxy annual measure for life expectancy). The most recent available data for mortality rates are from the ABS Deaths Collection (all cause totals) and the ABS Causes of Death Collection, with the most recent available data for 2014 (NSW, Queensland, WA, SA and the NT; age; sex; remoteness). Life expectancy is an indicator of long-term health and wellbeing, and a key measure of the health of populations. Life expectancy is influenced by employment, education, housing, sanitation and access to healthcare (Becker, Philipson and Soares 2003; Carson et 1 The Steering Committee notes its appreciation to the National Health Leadership Forum, which reviewed a draft of this section of the report.


Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this website may contain the names, voices and images of people who have died, as well as other culturally sensitive content. Please be aware that some collection items may use outdated phrases or words which reflect the attitude of the creator at the time, and are now considered offensive.

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