The Northern Territory news Tue 28 Feb 2017
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News Corp Australia
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News Corp Australia
TUESDAY FEBRUARY 28 2017 EDUCATION 17 V3 - NTNE01Z01MA major Japanese amphibious landing in the war and helped destroy the image of the invincibility of Hirohito's troops. It also prevented the Japanese from establishing another base from which to supply their troops and attack Australians on the l<okoda Track. WAR ON OUR DOORSTEP: 1942 JANUARY: Japanese invade Rabaul. New Britain. Australia begins sending troops to reinforce nearby New Guinea. MARCH 8: Japanese land t roops at l ae and Salamaua in New Guinea. APRIL: Allies receive intelligence of Japanese plan to invade Port Moresby in May. MAY 48: Battle of Coral Sea thwarts seaborne invasion of Port Moresby. Japanese look for another route. JULY 7: A small detachment of Australian and Papuan troops begin the march from llolo to reinforce l<okoda. They reach Uberi at the end oftheday. JULY 12: A small Japanese contingent lands near Gona on the northeast coast of New Guinea to scout the track for an overland route to Port Moresby. JULY 2122: Thousands more Japanese t roops land at Gona and Buna to reinforce the beachhead and build a road across the Owen Stanley Ranges to Port Moresby. JULY 23: Japanese troops reach Awala where they engage Papuan Infantry. who retreat and meet B Company of the 39th Battalion. They withdraw to Kokoda plateau where more of the 39th are preparing defences. JULY 29: Japanese reach Australian positions and attack. The Australians fight their way back to Deniki where they are joined by more Aust ra lian troops. AUGUST 8: Australian t roops launch a threepronged attack to retake Kokoda. But they have to retreat again to Deniki. AUGUST 14: In danger of being wiped out. the Aust ra lians fall back again to lsurava. AUGUST 23: 2nd AIF troops reach lsurava to reinforce 39th. AUGUST 26: Japanese advance resumes. The S3rd AMF are ordered to counter-attack but are scattered. AUGUST 29: The 2/16th launches a counterattack to allow the recently arrived 2/14th to withdraw to Eora Creek. AUGUST 30: Japanese attempt flanking manoeuvre. the 2/16th and 2/14th both withdraw to Eora Creek. More than 170 of the 2/14th go missing. AUGUST 31: The 39th takes up a secure position at Eora Creek: the Japanese are unable to budge them. SEPTEMBER 1: Japanese attack but are driven back by the 2/16th. SEPTEMBER 2: Australian troops fall back to Templeton's Crossing. SEPTEMBER 5: Remnants of 2/16th. 2/14th and 39th make their way to Efogi. SEPTEMBER 8: The Japanese launch an attack but are repelled. They encircle the Australian positions but the Australians are able to break out to fall back to Menari . The 39th are sent away from the lines for rest and training. SEPTEMBER 14: Japanese advance comes to a halt. Fresh troops arrive at the Australian lines and an offensive is launched. Facing heavy artillery fire. the Australians retreat to lmita Ridge. Australian artillerymen set up guns at ~,. Northern Territory Government Owers Corner to begin shelling the enemy. SEPTEMBER 26: Australian troops begin to advance. They reach loribaiwa to find Japanese in retreat. OCTOBER 2: Australian troops reach Menari. OCTOBER 4: Australian troops reach Efogi. OCTOBER 1220: Australians reach Templeton's Crossing to find Japanese soldiers entrenched there. A fierce battle ensues. stalling the Australian advance. The Australians attack positions beyond Templeton's Crossing and force the Japanese to withdraw. OCTOBER 28: The 2/3rd Battalion troops charge the Japanese flank at Eora and take the position. NOVEMBER 2: Kokoda is finally retaken. NOVEMBER 6: Japanese launch a counterattack but are unable to break Australian lines. NOVEMBER 9: large Japanese force is surrounded and are unable to break out. The remnants of the Japanese forces are later seen heading toward Buna. AFTERMATH Victory on the Kokoda Track was followed by a long, drawn-out campaign to rid New Guinea of Japanese troops. In January 1943 Buna was captured by Allied troops and in September Australian troops made amphibious landings at lae. linking up with American troops in February 1944. However. it took until April1944 before most major towns and bases in New Guinea were captured. NT~News I S~v_eral Japanese troops h'?'" the jungles of New Gwnea until well after the wa_r ended. In 1955 four a~rmen surrendered m Hollandia (now Jayapura). The term "chockos" d. .. used to "chocolate sol lers . d or CMF was inspire refer to the . 1 The Chocolate b~~~\:. ~~;~~aonAthdeJ\,~~~~. h PlayArms n S aw .f.st soldier who about a pact 1 . d 'ed chocolates mstea earn . . of bullets '" hiS ammunition belt. S OLOMON SEA Bun a SOUR(ES & FURTHER STUDY Hell's Battlefield by Phillip Bradley (Allen & Unwin) Japanese Infantryman. 193745 Sword of the Empire by G.l. Rottman and M. Welply (Bloomsbury) Kokoda Track by Sylvia Clark and Elizabeth Pickhaver-Burness (Kangaroo Press) Pacific 360 by Roland Perry (Hachette) Those Ragged Bloody Heroes by Peter Brune (Allen & Unwin) World War II The Definitive Visual Guide (Dorling Kindersley) Australia's War ww2australia.gov.au The Kokoda Track http:/ I kokoda.commemoration.gov.au NT4News
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