Review of the Northern Territory Youth Detention System Report - January 2015
Northern Territory review into youth detention centres; Vita report
E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT
The Northern Territory Government has commissioned this independent review into youth detention within the youth justice system, following a series of serious incidents which had resulted in the closure of the Don Dale Youth Detention Centre. Mr Michael Vita, from the New South Wales Juvenile Justice department, was engaged to conduct the review. This report presents the findings and recommendations of the review. It looks at: procedures and practices for the control and management of detainees, security practices and protocols, the contributing factors to recent incidents, the ability and likelihood of the Northern Territory Youth Justice Framework to address systemic youth detention issues, a proposal to use the existing Berrimah Correctional Centre as a youth detention centre, and the immediate challenges facing current youth detention centres. The youth detainee population has risen steadily over the last few years in the Northern Territory: remanded detainees account for the majority of the detainee population and Indigenous youth are over-represented.
Made available via the Publications (Legal Deposit) Act 2004 (NT).
Acknowledgments -- Background and methodology -- Executive Summary -- Recommendations -- Terms of Reference -- Review the structure, management and operating practices of Youth Detention Centres (YDCs) -- Procedures manual and standard operating procedures -- incentives scheme -- Classification -- Training, rostering and staffing -- Behaviour Management and use of Force -- Warby Behaviour intervention program -- Family Responsibility Centres -- Quality Assurance -- Meetings (Communication) -- Case Management -- Offence Focused Programming -- Assessment -- Behaviour Management Plans -- Rick Assessment -- Immediate Challenges facing the delivery of Youth Detention Services at the Holtze and the Alice Springs YDCs -- Immedicate Challenges Facing the Delivery of Youth Detention Centres As they are transitioned from teh Holtze YDC to the Berrimah YDC -- The Pattern of Contributing Factors and Issues Surrounding Significant Incidents in Youth Detention since December 2009 -- Summary of Incidents December 2009 - September 2014 -- The Ability of Youth Detention to cnribute to the Northern Territory Department of Correctional services (NTDCS) Strategic Intent Plan and its Key Milestones -- The Ability and Likelihood of the Northern Territory Youth Justice Framework to Addres Systemic Youth Detention Issues -- To make Recommendatios about the Government's Recent Proposal to use the exiting Berrimah Correctional Centre as a Youth Detention Facility -- annex 1 Incentive Scheme -- annex 2 Classification scoring and Classification -- annex 3 training -- annex 4 behaviour intervention framework chart and policy -- annex 5 use of force -- annex 6 Warby program -- annex 7 case management CSA, incentive scheme CSA, misbehaviour CSA, use of force CSA, segregation CSA, D14.11604 JJC quality assurance policy, D14.11617 JJQA centres guide 2015 -- Tasmanina Govt letter -- annex 8 chart facilitat guie and chart resources -- annex 9 YLSI
Don Dale Youth Detention Centre; Holtze Youth Detention Centre; Northern Territory. Department of Correctional Services; Juvenile detention homes -- Northern Territory; Juvenile delinquents -- Rehabilitation -- Northern Territory
Northern Territory Government
1 electronic text (52,  page + annex 9) : PDF file.
Attribution International 4.0 (CC BY 4.0)
Northern Territory Government
http://hdl.handle.net/10070/241809 [Review of the Northern Territory Youth Justice system : report]
https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477670; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477672; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477674; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477646; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477644; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477642; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477640; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477639; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477648; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477649; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477651; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477653; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477655; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477656; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477659; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477661; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477663; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477665; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477667; https://hdl.handle.net/10070/477668
Northern Territory Review into Youth Detention Centres January 2015 by Michael Vita 31 Youth Workers should follow four simple processes at each point when they are required to make a decision in relation to Behaviour Management: Assess the scenario you are presented with, by gathering all the facts; Determine the range of consequences that may occur depending on your actions; Determine the hazards associated with each choice; and Make decisions and take actions that achieve the pathway of least risk.11 Training staff in the appropriate use of behaviour management is very important to the overall success. Detainees, like adult prisoners, require direction. They need to have a full grasp on what the centre rules are, clarity and non-ambiguous dos and donts. They need to be adjudicated upon by staff in a consistent manner, as evidence is in existence that shows that although the incentive scheme is very beneficial as a component for behaviour management, that if it is abused or used incorrectly, either intentionally or unintentionally, the results can have a devastating effect. If a detainee perceives this to be either favouritism of others or that the incentive scheme is being used as a punishment or payback for a poor relationship then the effect on behaviour management will be negative. It is important as mentioned elsewhere in this report, that the reward system should be totally separated from punitive sanctions. In other words once a reward has been earned, it cannot be taken away. The issue of inadequate training of staff, which is covered elsewhere in this review, is also a factor in some staff not knowing when to use force, how to use it, and what equipment is available. Negotiation and mediation should be the ultimate aim of any confrontation. Ideally, use of force should be the last option. Notwithstanding the above, when all else fails use of force must be coordinated, swift and effective in its application with only the minimum force necessary to address the situation. An extensive use of force policy is attached to the annexure section of this report for consideration as an example. (See annexure 5) It follows the principle that there are 3 main situations when force will be necessary:12 1. Spontaneous and immediate in response to an incident already underway. 11 NSW Department of Justice.2009. Detainee Behaviour Intervention Framework: Juvenile Justice
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