Territory Stories

Darwin Regional Land Use Plan

Details:

Title

Darwin Regional Land Use Plan

Collection

Department of Lands, Planning and the Environment annual reports; Dept. of Lands, Planning and the Environment reports; PublicationNT; Reports; reports

Date

2015

Description

Made available via the Publications (Legal Deposit) Act 2004 (NT).

Language

English

Subject

Northern Territory. Dept. of Lands and Planning -- Periodicals; Land use -- Northern Territory -- Planning -- Periodicals; Transportation -- Northern Territory -- Periodicals; Public works -- Northern Territory -- Periodicals

Publisher name

Department of Lands, Planning and the Environment

Place of publication

Darwin (N.T.)

Copyright owner

Check within Publication or with content Publisher.

Parent handle

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/257455

Citation address

https://hdl.handle.net/10070/511960

Page content

DARWIN REGIONAL LAND USE PLAN 2015 46 Darwin is strategically located to benefit economically from offshore oil and gas development, its growing role as Australias northern trade hub and the current focus on developing Northern Australia. The potential for significant growth underlies the vital need for the Territory Government and community to adopt a broad creative vision for Darwin regional land use and development that will lead to more detailed land use plans and implementation strategies. Although the Darwin Region is vast, especially considering its population, a number of diverse factors strongly affect and limit the options available to accommodate future growth. These include the natural physical environment and historic and ongoing socioeconomic influences. This section of the plan summarises elements that affect the planned land use structure and outlines policies that will guide more detailed planning and land use decisions. The Past Larrakia, Woolna and Kungarakany Aboriginal people have lived in the Darwin Region for tens of thousands of years. Their descendants remain a vital part of the Darwin community today. Archaeological places and objects associated with the Aboriginal occupation of the region and the visits from the Macassans are automatically protected by the Heritage Act (NT), whether their existence is currently known or not. Examples of such places and objects include middens, stone tools and skeletal remains. In 1869, after a number of unsuccessful settlement attempts elsewhere, the Surveyor-General of South Australia, George Goyder, established the first nonAboriginal settlement in Port Darwin and the first framework for regional land use when he and his party surveyed 999 lots for towns at Darwin, Virginia, Southport and Daly and 2200 farm lots more than 270 000 ha in all. Goyders survey remains influential today as the primary foundation for establishing property boundaries and land titles, particularly in the rural areas. Even after the Commonwealth took control of the Northern Territory in 1911 Darwin remained a small isolated outpost until WWII led to an influx of military and construction personnel. Japanese bombing in 1942 and 1943 led to many thousands of personnel occupying the region until 1945. These events established and entrenched Darwins role as a base for military personnel and Defence operations. A number of remnants of early European settlement that remain today include: the route and physical remains of the original North Australian Railway, which was constructed in the 1870s and 1880s the Overland Telegraph Line, which became operational in 1872 and was the largest infrastructure project in Australia at the time sites directly associated with WWII including anti-aircraft installations, numerous airfields, aircraft crash sites and remains of camps and field hospitals. The Adelaide River War Cemetery is a poignant reminder of those who died during the war. The identification and consideration of this and other significant sites associated with this early European settlement will inform future detailed planning for development in accordance with the land use structure. In response to rapid growth, Harcourt Long was appointed in 1963 as the first resident planner in the Territory. When he arrived, Darwin was home to fewer than 18 000 residents and his tasks included considering the directions for future growth. He prepared the Darwin Metropolitan Region 1965, Darwins first regional plan, which has made a significant contribution to subsequent regional planning. Following the damage done by Cyclone Tracy (Christmas Eve 1974) the Federal Government established the Darwin Reconstruction Commission (DRC) to plan, coordinate and rebuild the city. The DRC coordinated many construction projects, including building hundreds of new homes, but created controversy and confusion in relation to land use planning and development. Parap Road in 1944. Cavenagh Street in 1944


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