Darwin Regional Land Use Plan
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DARWIN REGIONAL LAND USE PLAN 2015 74 The contours are reviewed regularly, providing a guide to constraints that require further investigation in association with more detailed planning or evaluation of specific development proposals. The Airports Act 1996 (Cth) and the Airport (Protection of Airspace) Regulations declare prescribed airspace and give statutory protection from intrusion into this airspace. The Darwin Airport Masterplan identifies the specific parameters that will also inform more detailed land use planning for sites in and around the airport or the evaluation of specific proposals. Commonwealth and Defence Properties and Buffers Historically, Darwin has played a key role in national defence and this remains a major land use in the region. The many Defence personnel and their families based in the Darwin Region, the stationing of US troops and the role of the Darwin Region in hosting joint military training exercises mean that Defence makes a significant contribution to the NT economy. The Department of Defence has major land holdings in the region, and the army, Navy and RAAF all have establishments (Darwin RAAF Base, Darwin Naval Base, Robertson Barracks, and Defence Establishment Berrimah). In addition to the provision of housing for personnel there is an increasing focus on the opportunities to grow the Defence support sector. There are a number of constraints associated with military facilities, such as the buffer required around the Shoal Bay Receiving Station and the constraint associated with the Darwin RAAF Base, mentioned above. The Darwin Airport Constraints and Defence Properties Map shows the major Defence establishments in the Darwin Region. It is imperative that more detailed planning, within the framework of the land use plan, continues in consultation with the Commonwealth to ensure that there is adequate suitable land for Defence facilities. Significant Land Uses RAAF Base Darwin and Darwin International Airport Aviation has made a significant contribution to the region ever since pioneer aviators first used Darwin as the most obvious land point connecting the rest of the world to development in the south of the Australian continent. WWII further reinforced the strategic importance as a base for military aircraft. RAAF Base Darwin was established on the present site in 1940 and civil operations commenced on a joint-user basis in 1945. Darwin International Airport continues to operate as a joint user airport under the Airports Act 1996 (Cth). A Joint User Deed with the Department of Defence governs the collocated operation of Darwin International Airport Pty Ltd and Royal Australian Air (RAAF) Base Darwin. It is a key commercial, military and recreational facility for Northern Australia. There are a number of constraints associated with the proximity of the airport to established urban areas. Defence (Areas Control) Regulations under the Defence Act 1903 (Cth) regulate the construction of buildings or the height of buildings in areas close to Defence facilities. The Darwin Airport Constraints and Defence Properties Map identifies those areas requiring approval for building of various heights around RAAF Base Darwin. Areas surrounding the airport will also be exposed to noise generated by military and civil aircraft. This noise may impact on the quality of life for residents. While operators make efforts to minimise noise exposure, aviation activities cannot always be modified. The Australian Noise Exposure Forecast (ANEF) system uses contours to show where cumulative aircraft noise may adversely affect land uses. In association with Australian Standard 2021-2000 (AS 2021), it provides guidance for the siting and construction of buildings to minimise aircraft noise intrusion. The ANEF contours indicate those areas affected to varying degrees by aircraft noise. HMAS Coonawarra (Larrakeyah)
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