Territory Stories

Katherine rural review



Katherine rural review


Northern Territory. Department of Primary Industry and Fisheries


Katherine rural review; E-Journals; PublicationNT; Katherine rural review






Made available via the Publications (Legal Deposit) Act 2004 (NT).; This publication contains may contain links to external sites. These external sites may no longer be active.




Agriculture; Northern Territory; Katherine; Periodicals; Animal industry; Rural industries; Periodicals

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Northern Territory Government

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Katherine rural review

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Attribution International 4.0 (CC BY 4.0)

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Northern Territory Government



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A new disease? Drooling, diarrhoea and death the 3D Syndrome The Department of Primary Industries in New South Wales has advised that pastoralists in the Mossgiel, Hay and Ivanhoe areas of New South Wales have been reporting cattle deaths from what has come to be known as 3D Syndrome. Since first reports were received in 2006, combined losses across properties where the disease is known to have occurred are reported to be significant. So far all samples have tested negative for exotic viruses and the cause of 3D syndrome has yet to be identified. The pattern of disease which has been seen on the affected properties combined with the negative results indicates that the disease is not caused simply by an infectious agent. At present there is no evidence of property-to-property spread, so there is no justification in placing restrictions on cattle movements, though investigations are ongoing. Cases of 3D syndrome typically occur between November and January in cattle older than 5 monthsalthough on properties where the syndrome has been recognised, cases in calves up to 3 months of age have also been reported. Affected animals usually present as a mild illness but deteriorate quickly with death occurring in nearly all affected animals (95 100%) about 72 hours after signs were first recognised. Stock are usually in good condition and exhibit diarrhoea, drooling, tear flow and in some cases noisy breathing. Affected animals feel hot (temperature between 40 - 42C) and are frequently reported to be found close to water. On post mortem, the main findings are erosions and ulcerations in the oesophagus and reddening and haemorrhages in the large intestine. Cases of 3D syndrome have been reported in 2006, 2009 and 2013 and usually cease following decent rainfall. Property managers in the Katherine Region are asked to make themselves aware of the signs of 3D syndrome and report suspect cases to their Regional Veterinary Officer or Livestock Biosecurity Officer. Information on the presence of this condition will help to determine if it is confined to NSW or is more widespread through Central Australia. Further information on 3D syndrome can be accessed on the NSW DPI website: http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/agriculture/livestock/ health/specific/cattle/cattle-deaths-with drooling-and-diarrhoea-3d-syndrome The information in this article is reproduced with the permission of the New South Wales Department of Primary Industries. John Eccles, Veterinary Officer, Katherine Drooling cow with discharge from the nose and eyes (Photo G. Curran)