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National Trust of Australia (Northern Territory) -- Periodicals
National Trust NT
Vol. 3 No. 10
National Trust NT
Page 5 of 10 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Harrison!Dam!Wall! ! In!!!!In!November!1955,!together!with!Australia's!first!merchant!Bank,!Mainguard!(Australia)!Limited,!the! investment!vehicle!Territory!Rice!Limited!(TRL)!was!incorporated!in!Sydney.!The!company!received! agricultural!leases!on!303,000!hectares!of!the!subScoastal!plains!of!the!Adelaide,!Mary,!Wildman,!West,! South!and!East!Alligator!rivers!for!growing!rice,!ie!from!the!Adelaide!River!to!Arnhem!Land.! ! Development!commenced!on!the!most!accessible!land,!on!Humpty!Doo!Station!on!the!western!side!of! the!Adelaide!River.!Although!only!60!km!south!east!of!Darwin,!this!was,!in!reality,!an!isolated!area!with! no!made!road,!telephone!line!or!power!supply.! The!Humpty!Doo!rice!growing!area!was!previously!used!for!cattle.!At!the!time!of!the!Rice!Project!no! one!gave!a!thought!to!consulting!the!LimilnganSWulna!Aboriginal!people,!the!traditional!owners,!who! have!lived!off!the!land!in!this!area!for!thousands!of!generations.!They!were!involved!in!early!pastoral! enterprises,!but!not!significantly!in!the!rice!farming.! ! TRL!obtained!equipment,!prepared!roads,!developed!irrigation!channels,!established!a!workers! village!and!rice!fields,!a!rice!mill!at!Coolalinga,!pumping!stations,!an!airfield!and!Harrison!Dam.!The! Government!built!a!power!line!from!Darwin!for!the!project!and!other!supporting!infrastructure!and! established!rice!fields!to!research!rice!varieties!and!growing!techniques.!The!Royal!Australian! Airforce's!Airfield!Construction!Squadron!built!Fogg!Dam.! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Fogg!Dam!1958! ! TRL!was!struggling!financially!from!the!beginning!and!rice!farming!was!proving!more!difficult!than! had!been!anticipated.!Budgets!were!cut!and!in!1958!Mainguard!was!liquidated.!Robert!McCulloch,!a! wealthy!American,!took!control!but!withdrew!in!1960!when!TRL,!too,!was!liquidated!with!large!debts.! ! Four!men!who!had!worked!for!TRL,!Don!Buck,!Arthur!Parker,!Bob!Parker!and!Ted!Kilpatrick!formed! Rice!Development!Pty!Ltd.!They!had!the!benefit!of!experience,!if!not!great!financial!resources.!They! gained!access!to!the!TRL!equipment,!accepted!a!oneSyear!at!a!time!land!lease!and!took!responsibility! for!all!expenses,!profit!or!loss.! !
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