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The chronicle



The chronicle

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Chronic Diseases Network of the Northern Territory


The Chronicle newsletters; Chronic Diseases Network newsletters; E-Journals; PublicationNT




Date:2013-03; Made available via the Publications (Legal Deposit) Act 2004 (NT).; This publication contains may contain links to external sites. These external sites may no longer be active.




Chronic diseases -- Northern Territory -- Treatment -- Periodicals; Chronic Diseases Network of the Northern Territory -- Periodicals

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Chronic Diseases Network of the Northern Territory

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v. 25 no. 1

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15March 2013 G EN D ER H EA LTH Men and women differ in the ways they think about health problems and in their social behaviour that prompts or avoids health problems. Because of the medical orientation, we know little about how men and women voluntarily adopt some risk behaviours and risk exposures, their different perceptions of symptoms and expression of complaints, how their milieux of social support affect health and health behaviour, and their behavioural strategies for treating and adjusting to health problems (p. 106). Oakley A. Who cares for health? Social relations, gender, and the public health. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 48: 427434, 1994. Most of the worlds primary health care is carried out by women. Womens health care work is sometimes paid or it is unpaid. In the home, it is predominantly women who care for men and for children and other dependents Caring for health is both about personal care ensuring that people eat good food, are kept warm and clean, and so forth and about providing a health-promoting material environment which facilitates the individual striving towards good health (p. 428). Health care work isnt only done by those who are paid to do it doctors, nurses, health visitors, health educators. Most of it is done by people who arent paid at all. This health care division of labour is fundamental to the public heath. Underlying what we might call invisible health care work is a different and more accurate model of how health is really produced; one which combines caring social support in technical language and the more usual physical-technical strategies (p.433). Helman CG. Culture, health and illness an introduction for health professionals (3rd ed). Oxford: Butterworth-Heineman. in almost every culture most primary health care takes place within the family, and the main providers of health care are usually women often mothers and grandmothers (p. 153). Several aspects of male gender culture can be said to contribute to mens ill-health, or to the risks of such ill-health developing. For example, Continued on Page 16 in comparison with women, men are encouraged to drink more alcohol, smoke more cigarettes, to be more competitive and to take more risks in their daily lives (p. 163). [Disease of female social gender can be seen] in the context of the many alterations of body image that occur world wide, especially among women (p.164). Johnstone K. Gender & health. Why hold a think tank? In: Beaumont M, Bachowski R, McLean P eds. Gender in health think tank. Proceedings of Womens Health Victorias forum Melbourne 2 November 2001. Melbourne: Womens Health Victoria, 2002, pp. 1-3. It is clear to us that if we are serious about gender in health, we cannot afford to polarise womens and mens health by setting them up in competition. It is also clear that unless there are efforts made now to talk and explore explicit policy parameters then this negative polarisation is likely to gradually grow. P.3 Connolly A. Policy initiatives NSW. In: Beaumont M, Bachowski R, McLean P eds. Gender in health think tank. Proceedings of Womens Health Victorias forum Melbourne 2 November 2001. Melbourne: Womens Health Victoria, 2002, pp. 35-38. It is not easy looking at gender in the health system The health system splits into different capacities to respond to different determinants in health To address a range of determinants you need to work within a population approach, with government agencies and partners who sit outside the health system, and thats certainly true for Aboriginal health. Johnstone K, Brown S, Beaumont M. Victorian Burden of Disease, Womens Health and Gender. Womens Health Victoria Discussion Paper September 2001. Melbourne, Womens Health Victoria. There are different concepts and approaches to womens health. There has been a historical tendency for the terms gender-sensitive and gender-analysis to be used only in the context of womens situations. This arose out of the need to redress inequities in developing countries and has become an international Continued from Page 14

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