NT trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2011 : findings from the Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS)
NT trends in ecstasy and related drug markets; Reports; PublicationNT
Made available via the Publications (Legal Deposit) Act 2004 (NT).
Date:2011; Australian drug trends series No. 80
Drug abuse surveys -- Northern Territory -- Periodicals; Ecstasy (Drug) -- Northern Territory -- Periodicals; Drug abuse -- Northern Territory -- Periodicals
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales
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96 All of those who reported cleaning an injecting item in the last month also reported only they had used the item before the cleaning. Hot water (50%), boiling water (32%) and bleach (16%) were the most frequently reported cleaning substances used (Table 78). Ninetypercent of this group reported their cleaning method as rinse or flush more than once. Table 78: Injecting equipment cleaning substance and method, among those who commented, 2011 (%) 2011 (n=38) Cleaning substance Hot water 50 Cold water 5 Boiling water 32 Bleach 16 Soap/detergent 3 Swabs 8 Other 5 Cleaning method Rinse/flush once 5 Rinse/flush more than once 90 Wipe 8 Soak 0 Other 3 Source: IDRS participant interviews 8.6 Mental and physical health problems The Short Form 12-Item Health Survey (SF-12) is a questionnaire designed to provide information regarding general health and wellbeing and includes 12 questions from the SF36. The SF-12 was included for the first time in the 2011 IDRS survey. The SF-12 contains twelve questions and measures health status across eight dimensions: physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health problems, bodily pain, general health, energy/fatigue, social functioning, role limitations due to emotional problems and psychological distress and wellbeing. The scores generated by these eight components are combined to generate two composite scores, the physical component score (PCS) and the mental component score (MCS) (Ware et al., 1995, Ware et al., 1996). The SF-12 scoring system was developed to yield a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 10. A higher score indicates better health. Figure 56 presents the MCS and PCS for participants interviewed in the NT IDRS compared with those of the general Australian population from the National Health Survey (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1995). The SF-12 scores were transformed into SF-36 scores using weighted syntax to make them comparable with the general Australian population scores. NT IDRS participants scored a mean of 36.5 for the MCS and 36.9 for the PCS. These results demonstrate that the NT IDRS participants experienced poorer mental and physical health than the population average.
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