NT Child Deaths Review and Prevention Committee annual report 2009-2010
The Children's Commissioner Northern Territory reports; Reports; PublicationNT
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Children, Aboriginal Australian -- Northern Territory -- Periodicals; Death -- Causes -- Statistics -- Periodicals; Children and death -- Periodicals
Office of the Children’s Commissioner Northern Territory
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Page 11 Sources of Data on Child Deaths Chapter 3 of the Report looks at sources of data for the work of the Committee, including data obtained from national bodies such as the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), as well as the National Coroners Information System (NCIS), each of which provides data on child deaths. The primary source of data on child deaths is the NT BDM Registry, which also has a database of stillbirths in the NT. Other sources such as medical records from health facilities and investigative files from the Territory Coroner provide additional detail surrounding individual deaths. Other issues relating to the analysis of child deaths data include: the difference between actual date of death and date of death registration which can occur some time later (the former will be used by the Committee) the delays of findings for deaths investigated by the Coroner (this usually affects the deaths for the most recent year) the need for analyses to explore causes of death that go beyond the data supplied by the NT BDM Registry and other data sources such as socio-economic factors, and the attempts by the Committee to canvas all other jurisdictions to obtain data on child deaths who were NT residents. The Historical and National Context of NT Data on Child Deaths Chapter 4 explores both the historical and national context of child deaths data in the NT, including national trends and relevant NT data, to provide a better perspective on the data provided by the Committee in Chapter 5. There is a particular focus on infant (first year of life), fetal, neonatal (first four weeks of life) deaths and the perinatal period (fetal plus neonatal deaths) as a majority of child deaths occur in these periods. A number of data tables are presented which reveal high infant and child death rates in the NT when compared to other jurisdictions and the Australian averages. Notwithstanding these differences, trends over time reveal that both infant and child death rates have been declining in the NT and across Australia. A consistent finding is that Aboriginal infants and children are at greater risk of dying than their non-Aboriginal counterparts. Data available also reveals that Aboriginal infants and children in the NT have higher death rates than Aboriginal infants and children in other Australian jurisdictions. Child Deaths in the NT 2006-2009 Chapter 5 of this Report details and analyses the child deaths data captured by the Committee. This years Report also includes cause of death data relating to these child deaths. 2009 Snapshot 46 NT resident child deaths were registered either in the NT or other jurisdictions: (28 (61%) males, 18 (39%) females, 31 (67%) Aboriginal, 15 (33%) non-Aboriginal). There were 26 infant deaths that represented 57% of all child deaths.
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