The Northern Territory news Thu 21 Apr 2011
The Northern Territory news; NewspaperNT
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Community newspapers -- Northern Territory -- Darwin; Australian newspapers -- Northern Territory -- Darwin
Nationwide News Pty. Limited
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Nationwide News Pty. Limited
www.ntnews.com.au Thursday, April 21, 2011. NT NEWS. 15 P U B : NTNE-WS-DA-TE:21-AGE:715LO-R: C-M Y-K Special feature THE TERRITORY AT WAR The following roll of honour lists the soldiers from the Northern Territory who made the ultimate sacrifi ce during World War I. Alpin, Geral Edward Beck, Thomas Frederick Branson, Charles Henry Brown, William Buckley, Jeremiah Butters, Robert Dingwall Byrne, Montague Charles Cain, James Lawrence Colhoun, George Edward Connelly, Kenneth Gartrelle Cook, William Albert Davies, Percy Dick, Samuel Henry Donovan, James Douglas, Henry Charles Dowling, Sydney Albert Joseph Downing, Llewllyn Selwyn Duff, Robert Fuhrmann, Charles franklin Garr, Mathew (Gar) Gar, William (Garr) Godfrey, John Stewart Gracie, Frank Valentine Greenwood, Sidney Ernest Hanson, Richard Davies Hare, Anthony William Herbert, Charles Lloyd Higgs, Horace Hill, John Lawson Holmes, Patrick E.L.R. Johnson, Edmond Woodward Lanyon, Vernon Clifford Lauder, Sidney James Lewis, Robert James Linde, John Alfred Alexander MacPherson, David Campbell McKenzie, Colin Campbell McKinnon, Alexander Mettam, Albert Frank Middleton, John West Noble, Alfred Philpott, Beaumont Jeffrey (philpott O.B.J. and other Beaumont Jeffreys) Pott, Harry Bunce Powell, John William Richardon, Forrest Rogers, Cyril Stuart Hamilton Saunders, Walter Geoffrey Sawyer, Thomas Scales, John Manners Seabright, Alfred George Spry, Mordaunt Stewart, William Kelvey Styles, Walter John Termansen, Frank Thompson, James Jacob Thompson, Joseph Silvester Vinson Thorne, Carleston Henry Thornton, Frederick William Turner, Isaac Bunn Urquhart, Robert Leslie Gibson Walker, Douglas Waters, Peter Patrick Webb, Frederick George Wetherby, Lucian Porter Williams, William John Wilson, Norman Claude Yeadon, Charles Frederick Legend of the Anzacs ROLL OF HONOUR ANZAC Day was fi rst ob-served by both Australia and New Zealand on April 25, 1916, one year after the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (Anzacs) landed at Gallipoli during the First World War. Today, Anzac Day com memorates Australians and New Zealanders who served and died in all military opera tions since. Anzac Day is also observed in Samoa, Tonga, Cook Islands and Niue. The Gallipoli campaign was more commonly referred to as the Dardanelles campaign between 1915 and 1916. The campaign took place in a small area of Turkey. The fi ghting was between Al lied forces (mainly British, Australian, New Zealand and French) and those of the Ot toman Empire (Turkey) with some German support. At the time of the First World War, modern Turkey did not exist. Britains declaration of war was against the Otto man Empire, which had been in existence since the 1300s. Although the Ottoman mili tary was ethnically diverse, it was commonplace to call all Ottoman soldiers Turkish soldiers. The campaign was fought from February 1915 to Janu ary 1916, and was a defeat for the allies. It is estimated that more than 50,000 men on the allied side died of disease or were killed. Although the Gallipoli cam paign was fought away from the wars main theatre, it was nevertheless signifi cant for Australia, New Zealand, Turkey and the other nations who fought. For Turkey, it was the de feat of an invasion of their homeland. It saw the emer gence of the military leader, Mustafa Kemal (or Kemal Ataturk), who after the war would bring Turkey into the modern world. For Australia and New Zea land, it was the event that has become associated with national identity in a way no other event has. Every year since 1916 Aus tralians have commemorated the fi rst day of the landing, April 25. It is a day that Aus tralians are aware of, nearly 100 years after the event. It is a day that will continue to be a signifi cant part of Austra lian identity. The name ``Anzac Cove was offi cially recognised by the Turkish government on Anzac Day in 1985. Many people now travel to Gallipo li each year to be present at the commemorative service at Anzac Cove on April 25. Anzac Day services are also growing in popular ity in France, Greece, Egypt and Libya. In the Top End, thousands of people travel to Adelaide River for the dawn service at the war cemetery. The spirit of mateship, courage and sacrifi ce is a very important aspect ofAus tralian national identity. Many refer to it as the spirit of the Anzacs. Many Australians who lost their lives in war werent thinking they could save the world or defeat evil regimes. As on the hills at Gallipoli, the trenches of France, the patrols in Vietnam, in the freezing Korean weather or on the rugged Kokoda Track, Australians were looking after their mates alongside them. Many Australian veterans have, in past generations and now in the present genera tion, marched on Anzac Day in memory of their mates left behind, and the ones who have passed on before them. THE values and importance of the Anzac legend continue to resonate through Australians. None of the original Anzacs are left, but their legacy continues and Anzac Day dawn services and marches around Australia and, indeed the world, are growing in stature and attendance. Children, grandchildren and even great-grandchildren now march on Anzac Day, wearing the medals of their forebears with pride. Many Australians see a pilgrimage to Gallipoli as a rite of passage. Crowds of 15,000 and more gather at Anzac Cove every year to pay their respects. Services are also held in France, Thailand, Canada, Papua New Guinea, Germany, Hong Kong, Indonesia and many other coun tries. But Anzac stood, and still stands, for reckless valour in a good cause, for enterprise, resourcefulness, fi delity, comradeship, and endurance that will never own defeat. Charles Bean, Anzac to Amiens, 1946 Diggers in the trenches of the Somme during the First World War