Waterloo Station : a report for the station manager
R. Sanders and L.R. Rajaratnam; Water Resources Survey of the Western Victoria River District. Waterloo Station. A Guide for Water Resources Management.
Sanders, R.; National Landcare Program (Australia); Rajaratnam, L. R. (Lakshman); Northern Territory. Power and Water Authority. Water Resources Division
E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT; Report No ; 24/1994
Made available via the Publications (Legal Deposit) Act 2004 (NT).
Date:1995; On cover 'National Landcare Program'. Cover title: Water resources of Waterloo Station. Bibliography: leaf 
Groundwater -- Northern Territory -- Waterloo Station; Water-supply -- Northern Territory -- Waterloo Station; Water resources development -- Northern Territory -- Waterloo Station
Report No ; 24/1994
 leaves : illustrations (some colour) and maps (1 colour) ; 30 cm.
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Dingo and Shovel Springs. However an increased number of reliable watering points in areas of good pasture would provide for more even grazing with decreased land degradation around existing water supplies. This survey has been undertaken to provide data and recommendations for future development of the water resource, to be used as an input for station management plans. The recommended type of development for a specific area is summarised in the accompanying map entitled "Water Resources Development Map of Waterloo Station", and this in conjunction with its accompanying document, "A Report for the Manager on the Water Resources of Waterloo Station", is a key tool for water management planning. This map is supported by two others. The map entitled The Hydrogeology of Waterloo Station" is to assist in the selection of bore sites, while "The Land Systems and Land Units of Waterloo Station" provides a general indication (taken from the CSIRO 1:1,000,000 scale map entitled "Lands of the Ord - Victoria Area, WA and NT) of what surface materials to expect if constructing an excavated tank. These maps are held in GIS format and in future the information, including land unit data being compiled by the Conservation Commission of the Northern Territory, could be combined onto other maps at the request of the pastoralist. 2. EXISTING PROPERTY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES Current stock management is based on the fencing of Waterloo into paddocks to allow the control of movement dependent on pasture and water availability. Internal fencing has mainly been undertaken in the basalt country north of the West Baines River and in the Brumby Plains - Shovel Springs areas. These paddocks vary greatly in size accommodating 200 to 1200 head of cattle. All paddocks are dependent to some extent on surface water from wet season rainfall. The majority are also serviced by at least one stock bore (there are 9 available on the station). Reliable bores often service more than one paddock. For instance, Dingo Bore is at the junction of three paddocks, with stock often congregating at this junction. Severe overgrazing has occurred in this area. The piping of water away from bores to give an improved distribution of watering points is not common due to the difficulty of burying pipeline in the hard basalt country. At the start of the Dry cattle are dispersed throughout the musterable areas of the station to take advantage of full waterholes and good pasture. At this stage the maximum recommended distance of 3 to 4 km between grazing and watering areas is easily maintained. As the surface water depletes throughout the Dry cattle are moved to paddocks where more reliable water is available, until by about September when large numbers are concentrated on the most reliable watering points (mainly the bores). Pasture adjacent to these water supplies is usually overgrazed while more remote pasture remains untouched.