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NT drug trends 2005 : findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS)



NT drug trends 2005 : findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS)


Northern Territory drug trends; E-Journals; PublicationNT; NDARC technical report ; no. 243




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Drug abuse -- Northern Territory -- Statistics -- Periodicals; Drug abuse -- Northern Territory -- Periodicals; Drug abuse surveys -- Northern Territory -- Periodicals

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National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales

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NDARC technical report ; no. 243



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25 Table 17: Routes of recent administration of various methamphetamines by IDU, 20042005 Inject Smoke Snort Swallow 2004 (n=111) 2005 (n=107) 2004 (n=111) 2005 (n=107) 2004 (n=111) 2005 (n=107) 2004 (n=111) 2005 (n=107) Speed 59 69 3 0 12 6 14 6 Base 25 16 1 0 1 1 4 1 Crystal 30 19 5 4 2 4 6 3 Liquid amphet 14 5 - - - - 4 0 Pharm stimulants 17 13 1 0 0 0 5 7 Any meth 75 73 8 4 13 8 22 12 Source: IDRS IDU interviews 5.3.1 Key expert comment Three KE spoke about amphetamines, including one law enforcement representative. They suggested that the typical age of amphetamine users was 20-40 years; however, some were as young as 17 years and as old as 50 years. All agreed that 75%-80% of amphetamine users were male and 70%-80% Caucasian. One key expert said that a lot of users would be university educated and another said they wouldnt have finished high school. Another KE clarified that the manufactures usually are tertiary educated but the users arent. It was agreed that 70%-80% were unemployed and those that were employed were in the trades. There was some variation in estimates of previous incarceration, with one estimation of 60%, another of 85% and another of only 5%. It was agreed, however, that only a small proportion were currently in treatment (2%5%). All KE agreed that the most common form of amphetamine used was speed, and one noted that the use of crystal was increasing. All KE stated that most would use intravenously (approx. 90%) and the rest would snort, smoke and swallow, and that use was daily. One KE advised that there had been an increase in injecting and that there were two distinctive groups: a) the hard core group who are injecting greater quantities more frequently because the quality is poor and they are most likely using other stuff as well and, b) the other group who are injecting less because the quality is so poor they dont want to waste money and will only do it on special occasions. When commenting on polydrug use, it was detailed that only a few amphetamine users would use cocaine, mostly because of the lack of availability. Most amphetamine users would also use hydroponic cannabis. One KE believed that no amphetamine user also used ecstasy and the other two thought that a few would use it the same was said in reference to LSD. All three agreed that a few would use benzodiazepines, although one said it was illicitly and another said it was licitly but possibly selling some of their scripts. All agreed that some amphetamine users used methadone, but that it was quite rare. It was reported that a few to a half would use morphine and one KE thought that morphine use amongst this group was increasing while another said that they use morphine when there is no speed available. Another said that most would get prescribed morphine but on-sell it. The prices were reported as follows: a point of speed at $30-$50, a gram at $80-$350, and an eightball at $700 but up to $1500 for pure. Two thought these prices were stable; one thought it was increased. Two thought the purity was low and one thought it was medium to high, and this person said that it appears that more high-purity speed is available. All agreed that is was easy to obtain speed and this had remained stable over the last six months. With regards to

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