Management program for the saltwater crocodile in the Northern Territory of Australia 2009-2013
Fukuda, Yusuke; Delaney, Robyn; Leach, Gregory J
Northern Territory. Department of Natural Resources, Environment, The Arts and Sport
E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT
The draft program is open for public comment to Friday 29 May 2009. Includes Summary document.
Date:2009-04; Made available via the Publications (Legal Deposit) Act 2004 (NT).
Crocodylus porosus -- Northern Territory; Crocodiles -- Conservation -- Northern Territory; Crocodiles -- Control -- Northern Territory; Crocodiles -- Government Policy -- Northern Territory
Northern Territory Government
60 pages : illustration, maps ; 30 cm.
Attribution International 4.0 (CC BY 4.0)
Northern Territory Government
Draft Management Program for the Saltwater Crocodile in the Northern Territory iii Executive Summary The Saltwater Crocodile Crocodylus porosus is distributed from Sri Lanka and the east coast of India in the west to the Caroline Islands in the east and from Burma and south-east Asia in the north to Australia in the south. Saltwater crocodiles inhabit coastal rivers and swamps, the open sea and island shorelines, and extend well inland via major rivers and floodplain billabongs into freshwater rivers, creeks and swamps. Following the cessation of uncontrolled hunting in 1971 which depressed population numbers to seriously low levels, C. porosus has recovered and is now considered a widespread and abundant species in northern Australia. All available data shows that the Northern Territory population continues to increase and expand into new areas. Saltwater Crocodiles have a high cultural value with residents and visitors alike and there is a significant commercial harvest and trade of Saltwater Crocodiles. The conservation of the Saltwater Crocodile and the management of habitat to favour crocodiles is the underpinning principle of this Management Program. Saltwater Crocodiles are top order predators and positive actions that favour retaining Saltwater Crocodiles in the landscape bring with it a heightened responsibility for public safety. This Management Program addresses the balance that is required between conservation goals and maintaining public safety. A key plank in the conservation of the Saltwater Crocodile is the positive incentive that is generated through the commercial value gained by retaining crocodiles in the landscape. The maintenance of a viable and economic crocodile farming industry and the consequential positive benefits, in particular to Indigenous communities is recognised as the key economic driver for this Program. The continued growth of this industry is reflected in the management prescriptions. The aim of this management program is: To ensure the long-term conservation of the Saltwater Crocodile and its habitats in the Northern Territory The program has four principal objectives: 1. To facilitate the sustainable use of Saltwater Crocodiles; 2. To promote community awareness and public safety; 3. To ensure humane treatment of Saltwater Crocodiles; and 4. To monitor and report on the impact of the harvest of Saltwater Crocodiles. The Saltwater Crocodile is protected under the Territory Parks and Wildlife Conservation (TPWC) Act, the Australian Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act and the Australian population is listed internationally under Appendix II of the Convention for International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). This necessitates the stringent requirements for permitting, reporting and compliance which are detailed in this Program. Activities are carried out through permits issued under the TPWC Act. This Management Program continues to adopt an adaptive management approach. The basis of the harvest ceiling system has been changed from the total eggs to live eggs, which are those eggs initially placed in an incubator after harvest. On the basis of the monitoring results and continuing increasing population trends, the overall allowable egg harvest has
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