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Completed audit of parolees and community based offenders on electronic monitoring



Completed audit of parolees and community based offenders on electronic monitoring


Fyles, Natasha Kate

Political affiliation

Australian Labor Party


Media Releases for 13th Assembly 2016 - 2020; Media Releases; ParliamentNT




Made available via the Publications (Legal Deposit) Act 2004 (NT).




Prisoners; Sentencing; Electronic surveillance

Publisher name

Northern Territory Government

File type



Issued as a Media Release

Copyright owner

Northern Territory Government

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Electronic Monitoring Audit Page 18 of 30 6 Electronic Monitoring Overview Electronic Monitoring Background Electronic monitoring was introduced in 2014 and is used to monitor prisoners and non-custodial offenders (including accused persons on bail). G4S Australia is contracted to provide both electronic monitoring equipment and primary monitoring services. Two forms of technology are used to monitor offenders locations relevant to permitted or prohibited places and zones. Radio Frequency (RF) devices operate in conjunction with a monitoring unit installed at the offenders place of residence. These devices are suitable for monitoring compliance with a curfew or requirement to complete a residential treatment program, but do not report an offenders location if they are out of range from the monitoring unit. Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) devices provide a higher level of monitoring as they can be used to both limit an offenders movements within a particular location and to restrict entry to prohibited locations. GPS devices require daily charging by the offender, and require continuous GPS and GSM signal to work effectively. This is the most common type of monitoring device used by Community Corrections. Electronic monitoring can aid with the confinement (inclusion zones and curfews), restriction (exclusion zones) and surveillance of individuals within the criminal justice system. The incorporation of a robust electronic monitoring system provides a mechanism to increase the precision and detail of surveillance of individuals subject to monitoring requirements and may also enhance the likelihood of individual compliance and behavioural change. Electronic Monitoring Policy In 2015, the Commissioner approved the Electronic Monitoring Policy outlining the philosophy and principles underpinning the use of the technology. This Policy highlights that electronic monitoring is an additional tool, not a standalone measure, to enhance the monitoring and supervision of offenders. Its use should be purposeful rather than to passively monitor offenders who are not also subject to movement restrictions. Electronic Monitoring Assessment Prior to applying electronic monitoring to an individual, a comprehensive assessment is undertaken by Community Corrections. This includes the offenders willingness to wear and maintain the device and a check of the offenders residence. During this process, staff will confirm the residence and other residents do not pose a threat to officers attending after-hours, there is sufficient GSM coverage (or a reliable landline), that a movement restriction is likely to assist in the effective monitoring of the offender in the community and that Community Corrections is able to respond to any violations in a manner commensurate with the risk posed by the offender. Responding to Alerts and Violations Staff at the G4S monitoring centre provide round the clock monitoring services and will resolve lesser alerts generated by the system such as telephoning an offender with a low battery alert and instructing them to charge their device. G4S escalate more serious alerts to Community Corrections who respond according to a structured violation matrix. This may include deploying Probation and Parole Officers to an offenders location or contacting police to request they locate and arrest the offender. Many alerts and violations occur after business hours yet are still escalated to Community Corrections for immediate attention to ensure a risk assessment is undertaken to support community safety. Until 2018, this involved a pool of Probation and Parole Officers and Team Leaders performing on-call duties in addition to their full-time daily duties. As the numbers on electronic monitoring increased, this placed further pressure on staff. Additional funding was received to trial a more robust and sustainable model for managing on-call requirements for 2018/19

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