Prepare for Impact! When People and Environment Collide in the Tropics
When people and environment collide in the tropics
Abdurohman, Rahman; Arnstrong, Rachel; Boggs, Guy; Bowman, David; Brook Barry; Bunn, Stuart; Campbell, Bruce; Cunningham, Anthony; Davies, Diane; Garnett, Stephen; Gerritsen, Rolf; Griffiths, Tony; Morrison, Joe; Yu, Peter; Wright, S. Joseph; Williams, Meryl; Tay, Simon; Steffe, Will; Stacey, Natasha; Srivastava, Leena; Sodhi, Navjot S; Sanchez-Azofeifa, Arturo; Resosudarmo, Budy P; Portillo-Quintero, Carlos; Nurdianto, Ditya Agung; Muller-Landau, Helene C
Stacey, Natasha E; Boggs, Guy S; Campbell, Bruce M.; Steffen, Will
E-Publications; E-Books; PublicationNT
South East Asia and tropical Australia are undergoing major changes, which are likely to intensify in the next decade. Booming economies in China and India, and potentially other countries, are likely to drive exponential increases in demands for natural resources. Climate change is likely to have severe impacts, ranging from those associated with changes in severity of cyclones, to those associated with sea level rise in shallow oceans. Land cover transformations, already a common feature in many parts, could well decimate biodiversity. Human disease outbreaks, which have already caused alarm and economic disruption, could remain a feature of the region. The challenges are immense; it is timely to reflect on transforming forces and our responses. In May 2006, an international symposium was held in Darwin in the Northern Territory of Australia, to discuss these very issues. This publication features papers by leading researchers and policy makers on the following themes:'Drivers of Change; 'Values & Livelihoods; 'What Are the Changes and Their Impacts? The editors of this book all have wide experience in this area. Dr Natasha Stacey is an anthropologist with expertise in natural resource management in the Asia-Pacific region. Dr Guy Boggs has focused his GIS and modelling research on the use of technologies for understanding changes in spatial patterns of vegetation distribution, erosion and runoff response. Prof Bruce Campbell works in the tropics on four continents from humid rainforests to dry woodlands and is focussed on achieving better outcomes for conservation and development and improving the well-being of people through natural resource management and use. Prof Will Steffen has research interests which span a broad range within the field of Earth System science.
Setting the scene -- Gerritsen : A resilient future for Northern Australia? People, economics and policy issues -- Resosudarmo : Setting the scene : driving forces of change in Southeast Asia -- Drivers of change -- Steffen : Climate change in the tropics -- Srivastava : Securing India's energy future : what does the world have to worry about? -- Tay : Trade and environment in Southeast Asia -- Williams : Food production systems and policy development in Southeast Asia -- Values and livelihoods -- Armstong et al : Indigenous land and sea management and sustainable business development in Northern Australia -- Garnett : Enterprise development by indigenous communities using natural resources : where do the benefits go? -- Campbell et al : Do local people and the environment collide? Who drives environmental change? -- What are the changes and their impacts? -- Cunningham : Culture, livelihoods and conservatism -- Sodhi and Brook : Biodiversity crisis in Southeast Asia -- Wright et al : The future of Southeast Asian forests and their species -- Bunn : Northern Australia -- all that water ... going to waste? -- Bowman : Time's up for Australia's last frontier.
0502 - Environmental Science and Management; Southeast Asia; Northern Australia; Natural Resource Management; Politics & Society
Charles Darwin University Press (CDU Press)
vi, 119 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm.
Charles Darwin University Press (CDU Press)
Research and Development strategy reflect an understanding of the contribution that renewables can make in enhancing Indias energy security. Private initiative in the development of this sector has also been hampered by the distortions in pricing of conventional energy and non-reflection of environmental externalities. 3. Energy impact of development choices Energy forecast results provided above reveal that in addition to an over 90% import dependency on oil, we could be heading towards a high import dependency in other fuels as well. Is it time we started undertaking strategic energy impact assessments of all development policies? There are good reasons behind the explosion of private vehicle ownership and usage in the country. And equally good reasons behind the decision of the Indian government to invest heavily into creating an extensive good-quality road network in the country. But, India also needs to evaluate alternative pathways to achieving the same end-results in a more sustainable manner both in terms of energy and the environment. In determining the minimum support prices for various agricultural products it needs to find the balance between income security to a deserving population and long term impacts on a precious natural resource such as water. How could it reconcile these subsidies with electricity pricing for agriculture? Goals of energy policy In meeting the challenges identified above, the energy policy of the country should, and will, focus on the following goals: Energy Security Universal access Economic competitiveness Natural resource protection Good governance 1. Energy security Accepting the definition of energy security as the continuous availability of energy in varied forms in sufficient quantities and at reasonable prices, India would require reliable energy services for meeting end-use energy demands in adequate quantities and at affordable prices. This would require it to make strategic choices in the rate and pattern of exploitation of domestic energy resources and energy imports, in particular oil, such that we are securing both our short-term and long-term energy futures. India is fortunate to have a diverse endowment of energy resources conventional, new and renewable (including nuclear). Apart from clearly establishing the extent of all such resources, India needs to identify technological and research and development opportunities that would allow it to convert the potential to utilisable resources. This would also cover the biomass energy potential of the country. Major challenges exist in exploiting the vast coal resources in the country in terms of the technological challenge of developing resources at depths beyond 300 metres and in terms of the environmental impacts of coal use. These need to be urgently addressed. In departure from the past, energy security today cannot be viewed only as oil security. Natural gas import options need to be evaluated not only for geographical sourcing but also for technoeconomic attractiveness. Additionally, the substantial hydro-power resources of the South Asian region may call for an aggressive energy diplomacy. 2. Universal access Apart from securing energy supplies at the aggregate level, one of the greatest challenges facing India is the provision of clean and convenient energy services to all its citizens. The stated goal of the government is to energise all households by the year 2012. Defining the goal in terms of Prepare for Impact!Drivers of Change 35
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