Territory Stories

Annual Report 2020-2021, Northern Territory Child Deaths Review and Prevention Committee, Office of the Coroner



Annual Report 2020-2021, Northern Territory Child Deaths Review and Prevention Committee, Office of the Coroner

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Tabled Paper 430


Tabled Papers for 14th Assembly 2020 -; Tabled Papers; ParliamentNT




Made available by the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory under Standing Order 240. Where copyright subsists with a third party it remains with the original owner and permission may be required to reuse the material.




Tabled papers

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Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory

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viNorthern Territory Child Deaths Review and Prevention Committee Annual Report 2020-21 Perinatal In Australia, the perinatal period commences at the 20th completed week of gestation and ends 28 completed days after birth. A perinatal death is a stillbirth death (of at least 20 weeks gestation or at least 400 grams birthweight4) or a neonatal death (of a live baby within 28 days from birth). Perinatal deaths are a combination of stillbirths and neonatal deaths. Post-neonatal The post-neonatal period is the period from 28 days to 1 year of age. Rest of the NT Rest of the NT incorporate those areas outside the City of Darwin, the City of Palmerston and the Litchfield Shire. Stillbirth (fetal death) In accordance with section 4 of the Births Deaths and Marriages Registration Act 1996, a stillbirth means the birth of a still-born child, which is defined as a child of at least 20 weeks gestation or with a body mass of at least 400 grams at birth that exhibits no sign of respiration or heartbeat, or other sign of life, after birth.5 4 lbid 5 lbid 6 Red Nose - What Does Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy (SUDI) Mean? | Red Nose Australia 7 op cit. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) SIDS (Sudden infant death syndrome), is a subset of SUDI, and defined as the sudden and unexpected death of an infant <1 year of age, with the onset of the fatal episode apparently occurring during sleep, that remains unexplained after a thorough investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy and review of the circumstances of death and the clinical history. (San Diego, 2004 definition). Sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) SUDI is a broad term used to describe the sudden and unexpected death of a baby for which the cause is not immediately obvious. The only means to find out the reason why a baby has died suddenly and unexpectedly is to perform an autopsy, review the clinical history and to investigate the circumstances of death, including the death scene, thoroughly. Following this thorough investigation, some deaths are explained, such as accidental deaths, asphyxiation by bedclothes, pillows and overlaying whilst co sleeping, infection, metabolic disorders, genetic disorders or non-accidental injury such as homicide, while others are unexplained. 6 Underlying cause of death (UCOD) The disease or injury which initiated the train of morbid events leading directly to death; or The circumstances of the accident or violence, which produced the fatal injury (WHO). 7 https://rednose.org.au/article/what-does-sudden-unexpected-death-in-infancy-sudi-mean

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